The European Revolutions Of 1848 Essay

1171 words - 5 pages

The revolutions of 1848 were widespread and affected about 50 countries in Europe, considering the previously separate lands of Germany and Italy. These revolutions were extremely violent and costly. In terms of lives, tens of thousands were lost during battles with several thousand more being lost in executions. Over 100,000 individuals were jailed or exiled as well. While these individual countries had significant nationalistic grievances, such as anti-Austrian attitudes in Italy, anti-Russian and anti-Turkish opinions in Rumania, anti-Habsburg in Prague and Budapest, German patriotism divided German as did Polish patriotism in Poland; it was the political and economic struggle that were the prevailing catalysts for the revolutionary uprisings.
There was widespread economic crisis in the European continent in the mid 19th century. Agricultural failures from 1845-1847 which resulted in increased food prices impeded the people’s ability to buy food. The people in Berlin were so angered over the cost of food that they rioted for four days. A third of the German population was on government relief by 1847, resulting in the number of Germans leaving for the United States in search of farmland to increase dramatically. In Prussian Silesia and Austrian Galicia over a quarter of a million people died as a result of starvation.
Anger over the ancient regime of government and its political tyranny was viewed as the single most important cause of the numerous revolutions. Heightened political awareness due to the invention and extensive use of the printing press was instrumental in fostering political awareness of new ideas such as liberalism, nationalism and socialism. Additionally, many of the countries were aware of the successful national unity of both France and the United States, and they wanted that same unity and democracy for their own countries.
In the 1840’s liberalism meant restrictions on the church and the states power, agreement of the governed, a republican government (that is a government where all people are considered to be equals regardless of social or economic status), and freedom of the press. Nationalism was viewed as a means of uniting people by a mix of common languages, cultural and/or religious beliefs, a common history and direct geographic proximity. Socialism had no clear definition and meant different things to different people, but in general referred to more power for the worker. Socialism of the 1840’s was based on worker ownership of the process of production.
The February Revolution, desiring a more libel reform of government in France, was the spark that set a blaze of revolutions in Western and Central Europe. Rather than attempt to crush the rebellion, King Louis-Philippe relinquished his crown to his nine-year old grandson leaving the Chamber of Deputies in power. The Chamber of Deputies then created a government of mostly moderates with a few radical and declared it the Second Republic. In May,...

Find Another Essay On The European Revolutions of 1848

The Role of Ideology in the Revolutions of 1848

2357 words - 9 pages , where the reforms were carried out in non-revolutionary channels. Despite the differences in social, economic and political structures of European countries, the revolutions of 1848 were characterised by uniformity, and their ideology was a common denominator. There were several factors that caused the revolutions. Some believe that the main cause of the revolutions of 1848 was bourgeoisie’s fight against still

Reasons for the failure of 1848- 1849 revolutions in Italy

594 words - 2 pages The revolutionaries in Italy had longstanding grievances, some were nationalists and some were liberals. Despite all having different ideas and aims they all resoundingly agreed that Italy needed change. The hopes of the various revolutionary groups had been raised by the election of Pope Pius and Charles Albert the King of Piedmont Sardinia. However, their hopes and resulting revolutions were crushed due to many concerning factors. A

Why did the revolutions of 1848 achieve so little in Germany?

692 words - 3 pages body as it was seen as weak and feeble? But it is my belief this is not the reason at all.What the revolutions achieved was what historians call the Frankfurt Parliament. The Frankfurt parliaments first meeting was in the May of 1848. It consisted of 596 members one for every 50,000 people in the German states. The way the Frankfurt parliament wanted to run the new German state was to have a greater central control. It wanted to set up a system

Did the revolutions of 1848 share any common principles or aims?

912 words - 4 pages In each country in 1848 there were disturbances in peace. All had their social, economical and political problems, even though they different from country to country. The aims of the revolutions are different for the different classes, history and causes to revolution.In France the aim for peasants and working class was to create job opportunities, which would allow them to prosper better and in case of bad harvest and higher prices survive. It

Were the Revolution in the European countries in 1848 Important?

1188 words - 5 pages -- IntroductionMany European countries revolted in 1848, because people desired for political changes. Either independence of their country or freedom of individuals became important at that time. Instead of being ruled by the higher levels, nationalism or liberalism became focused. The desire of nationalism or liberalism caused the revolutions in 1848.-- Why were there so many revolutions?Many revolutions occurred in European countries in 1848

Explores "age of revolutions" (1789-1848). Describes revolutions in France, Haiti, and Latin America. Thesis: revolutions are similar in leaders, dealings church, basic cycle.

1996 words - 8 pages The period between 1789 and 1848 is often called the Age of Revolutions, as it was a time of uprising, chaos, and the demand for freedom and independence. During this time, revolutions were occurring simultaneously throughout France, Haiti, and Latin America, each one inadvertently inspiring others. While these revolutions were different in many ways, they all shared certain similarities in their types of leaders and dealings with the church

Failure of the Italian Revolutions

779 words - 3 pages The failure of the Italian revolutions cannot be attributed to one reason as there are a plethora of reasons which could be cited as a main cause. The main reasons which could be argued as the most important reasons for the failure of the Italian revolts are the lack of organisation within revolutionary groups, the Austrian army’s strength, the political and military inexperience of those in power, the Pope’s abandonment of the revolution, the

The Three Types of Revolutions

599 words - 2 pages positive change. The Agricultural, Industrial, and Information Revolutions are the three kinds of great revolutions.One of the three types of revolutions is Agricultural Revolution. This revolution started more than 10,000 years ago when nomads started to get tired of moving from place to place, so they started to cultivate and domesticate plants and animals. Moreover, new technologies such as the simple hoe to the more complex irrigation systems

The orgins of all revolutions

1132 words - 5 pages line it is there to put you back in I a civilized and retinal manner. Others went against him and wanted an absolute government because they thought that the human race where salvages and that the government was there so no one would step out of line. The American Revolution was the first domino to fall in the modern time after this many other revolutions followed. The revolution was mostly based on ideas from the enlightenment and mostly John

The Break Out of the Revolution in Germany in 1848

1390 words - 6 pages it was aided by its ideal geo-political position. However in February 1848 a successful revolution in France triggered off violent disorder elsewhere in Europe. These revolutions in France were previous thought to have triggered a series of ‘copy cat’ revolutions over Europe, however historians now believe hey were the result of the conditions of many of the European countries were very similar. This most prominent of

The Revolution of 1848 and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto

1612 words - 6 pages The Revolution of 1848 and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto There were two major things that happened in Europe in 1848. One of those things was the Revolution of 1848. The other was the publication of the Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx. The Revolution of 1848, and the Communist Manifesto tie into each other very well. The Revolution was calling for a change in society, and so was Marx through the writing of his

Similar Essays

1848 European Revolutions Essay

1126 words - 5 pages In 1848, there were revolutions across Europe by the middle class against the nobles who controlled the government. They were backed up by workers seeking better lives. Only two countries, England and Russia, survived the revolution untouched.Why there were so many revolutions in Europe in 1848In the first half of the 19th century, there was a huge population growth. In France and Germany, populations grew by more than 40%. Paris grew by more

The Revolutions Of 1848 Essay

1384 words - 6 pages The Revolutions of 1848The Revolutions of 1848 were caused by numerous events taking place in Europe. A range of conflicts that were going on in different countries throughout Europe led up to the proceeding of these Revolutions. For instance, France was awaiting the death of their king Louis Philippe. Germany was going through liberal pressure with their 30 loosely bound states, and Italy was also struggling with all the newly acquired kingdoms

The Revolutions Of 1848 Essay

1062 words - 4 pages The revolution of 1848 encompassed many of the European countries. The revolutions sweeping across Europe included Germany, Italy, and France, excluding Russia and England. Many historians refer to the year of 1848 as, “The Year of Revolutions”, because of how the revolts spread throughout Europe. The question is which political groups were the influence behind this revolution and what were the causes of the revolution. The revolution united

Revolutions Of 1848 Essay

922 words - 4 pages The ideas of Europe have changed. The Congress of Vienna, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Code were all ideological precursors to the revolutionary epidemic that expanded throughout Europe. These conversion of ideas infected the population. Nationalism, Socialism, Liberalism, and Democracy were influencing the people's perception. Revolutions erupted in 1848; which were called the “Springtime of the Peoples.” Rebellions