This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The European Union And A Divided Cyprus

1513 words - 6 pages

The Implications for the European Union of Cyprus being divided between Turkey and Greece

The island of Cyprus is the third largest in the Mediterranean with the 2002 population around 705,5000. Its main economic activities include banking, craft exports, merchant shipping, and tourism, which accounts for twenty percent of business ( For almost thirty years it has been split between Turkish-Cypriots and Greek-Cypriots. The ongoing feud between the two groups and the split of the island in 1974 has lead to much political tension in Europe, especially with the European Union expanding its membership and adding, as of now, only half of the island of Cyprus in May 2004.


Cyprus has always been a center of international trade because of its key location in the Mediterranean between Europe and the Middle East. Greeks settled here in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, bringing the Greek language with them. Because of its close proximity to Turkey, Turks also moved to the island ( In 1960 the island gained independence from British rule ( 11/4/03). The two groups of occupants had a bi-communal structure with each group speaking their own language and holding to their own traditions until 1963 when violence broke out between the two groups. The United Nations sent peacekeeping forces, which are still there to this day. In August of 1974 the Greek Cypriots tried to join Greece and the Turk Cypriots called for forces from Turkey; this act split the island. The capitol of the island, Nicosia, still has a wall splitting the two sides, much like the Berlin wall ( The two sides are separated by barbed wire, pillboxes, and soldiers carrying guns (The Economist Jan 18-24 2003). The south side of the island, occupied by Greeks is now called the Republic of Cyprus. The north side is referred to as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, but is only recognized as a country by Turkey ( While the Greek side has much prosperity and low unemployment rates, the Turkish side has much poverty and is underdeveloped (The Economist March 15-21 2003). There have been numerous efforts at peace since the 1970s, but none have worked ( 11/4/2003). The summer of 1996 is an example of this, when there were many incidents of hostility among the line between the two sides, leaving several dead ( In July of 1990 the Republic of Cyprus applied for membership to the European Union in the name of the entire island ( The European Union agreed to admit Cyprus, along with nine other candidates into the union in 2004 (The Economist Jan 18-24 2003). This accession to the Union was unanimously approved by Cypriot parliament ( 11/4/2003). Cyprus has always been considered ?European.? It has been a full member of the Council of Europe since 1961 and has concluded an Association Agreement with Eruopean Economic Community in 1972...

Find Another Essay On The European Union and a Divided Cyprus

Citizenship and the European Union Essay

5550 words - 22 pages regimes and in the European Union(EU). Secondly, on the one hand, new German provisions will be moresimilar than before to the nationality laws of other member states byintroducing a right [as opposed to a discretionary possibility] to citizenshipthrough residence and legal naturalization, as well as ancestry. But, on theother, the decision on 16 March 1999 to abandon the possibility of dualcitizenship[or, in my language, nationality] means that

Switzerland and the European Union Essay

3536 words - 14 pages outside of the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA), as it became the sole EFTA member to reject membership by referendum in 1992 . Despite this, Switzerland maintains a staunch economic relationship with members of the EU through a series of bilateral agreements involving trade, free movement of people, agriculture and taxation among others. These provisions between countries provide an increasingly interdependent European

Religion and the European Union

869 words - 3 pages Religion and the European Union The European Union, or E.U., has existed in its modern form since it was formed by the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993. Since then, fifteen countries have joined the E.U., increasing the number of member countries to 27. Countries must meet strict standards when applying for membership to the E.U., as there are many factors which determine whether their request for membership is approved or denied

The European Union and Airlines

1346 words - 5 pages The European Union and Airlines Situation: Throughout the time one of the most regulated industries has been the airline industry. The creation of the European Union (EU) had allowed for the airlines from those countries to fly among each other’s with fewer regulations. This deregulation has propelled a wave of changes for the carriers based on these countries. One of these changes is the proliferation of strategic alliances as the

The European Union is a Strong and Powerful Organization

1408 words - 6 pages The European Union is certainly one of the most powerful and organized organisations in the world, nowadays, it regroups about 500 millions people all over 28 countries in the European continent. On the contrary a very strange structure and some political and economical arrangements were done during the past years making the EU law sometime confusing and frustrating for some other countries. During this essay we will explain how the European

The European Union is it a Failure?

1663 words - 7 pages A overview of the European Union it's workings, problems etc. -IntroductionEurope made up more than 30 countries and even more distinct cultures; it is now trying to adjust to new economic systems throughout the world. Today with the trend toward big trading blocks like: N.A.F.T.A. or G.N.A.T.T. Europe is trying to advance it's old Trading block called the European Economic Community (EEC) to become the European Union. The current membership of

The European Union Vs. A Federal System

978 words - 4 pages Introduction Before discussing the notion that the European Union (EU) possesses a federal character, one has to define federalism (federal system). A Federal system is a system of government where power and sovereignty are shared constitutionally between a central authority and subunits. The central authority retains primary sovereignty while the subunits (state, province etc.) retain a degree of autonomy. Examples of federal countries

The European Union and The Precautionary Principle

2077 words - 9 pages more of an issue than before. The European Union now looks back and considers the changes they made that brought them away from past policies to be a beneficial one and have determined the precautionary principle to be successful at having prevented further damage. The precautionary principle starts regulation before harm can be done and is merely concentrated on risk in an endeavor to preserve or better the environment. It is however, difficult to

European Union Military And The United States

6431 words - 26 pages ." Realist scholars have debated this view against its opposite that stability rises from a balance of power, be it bipolar or multipolar, for quite some time.The way in which the debate is framed is a particularly useful of way of analyzing the impulses and interactions between the United States and Europe since the one has become the hegemonic power. On the one hand, balance of power would hold that the European Union should rise as a counteragent

Globalization: Germany and the European Union

2442 words - 10 pages Second World War, Germany was divided in two: a free western Germany, and the communist East Germany. West Germany flourished while East Germany struggled to breathe under the heavy shadow of the Soviet Union. In 1990, after the Berlin Wall fell, Germany finally became one again with the union of East and West Germany. This new united Germany had many problems to overcome. Many in West Germany questioned the move, West Germany was enjoying

European Union Policies and the Czech Republic

3047 words - 12 pages is anti-EU and this plays a significant role in showing that it is important who is in power. One of the major requirements a candidate country must have in order to join the European Union is a democratic government. Czechoslovakia had a rather tumultuous journey towards democracy, starting with Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler wanted to unify Germans and in order to do so he wanted Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland (Docalavich 2006, p.27). In 1938

Similar Essays

Discuss The Idea Of A Untied Cyprus, Putting Forward A Basic Outline Of A Solution To Re Unite The Divided Island Of Greeks And Turks

1232 words - 5 pages , perhaps, to insult the intelligence of some of Europe's leading politicians, who all evidently see the 'Cyprus problem' as resolvable.The obstacles facing peaceful reunification listed above are not ones that are impossible to overcome. In fact, with a bit of patience, and with a lot of help from the other European states, a peaceful solution may be possible before the last refugee kicks the proverbial bucket.The top priority if the island if

The European Union And European National Sovereignty

889 words - 4 pages How the EU represents supra-nationalism which is having authority and jurisdiction above national governments? What institution in the EU represents this trend? European Union is one the world’s most dramatic examples of economic and political integration. A total of 27 states are compromising their national sovereignty by transferring many areas of their decision-making and authority to a supranational organization. We cannot call the

Italy And The European Union Essay

1731 words - 7 pages Lisbon Treaty in 2007. One of the most influential moves of the European integration process on Italian (economic) policy was the decision to adopt a single currency through the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), included in the Maastricht Treaty. From that point on, Italian governments strived to bring Italian finances in line with the convergence criteria stipulated for membership of the single currency through budgetary cuts and tax increases

Legislation And The European Union Essay

2864 words - 11 pages Certain dynamics emerge in the process of integration of specific policy areas in the European Union member countries: With increasing Europeanization of governing in the multilevel system of governance in the EU, more and more national competences are moved to the European level (vgl. Scharpf 2002, p. 71). During this transfer, an increasing loss of power held by the national parliaments, or rather a shift of power from the national parliaments