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The Ever Increasing Urgancy For World Peace

1610 words - 7 pages

The 20th century can be credited as being one of the most violent times in recorded history. There were over 98 million war related deaths, which is about six times the combined deaths of both the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Orwell conveys each of these killings as “one mind less, one world less.” World peace would be an important goal to work towards. Many wanted to achieve world peace, however, there were many different visions for how this could be accomplished. Despite the many anti-war actions that occurred during the previous centuries, the twentieth century marks the conception of an organized approach to global peace. Advocates of world peace believed that with an ever increasing connected world, military advances, and increasing cost of weapons gave urgency to this movement.1 Through a means of citizen and direct government involvement, the United States took an active role in promoting world peace through the actions of private citizens, diplomatic means, and international organizations.
Global peace, first started to emerge during the 1840’s, the first world peace conference would be held in London, proposed by Joseph Sturge with the American Peace Society. There were many private individuals, acting on their own in pursuit of world peace. Citizens such as Andrew Carnegie and Jane Addams contributed to this peace movement in many different ways. Carnegie believed that the wealthy should assume responsibility for making the world a more peaceful place. His endowment helped establish the international relations sections of Carnegie funded libraries and promoting the peaceful resolution of disputes. Still thriving today, at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. One of Carnegie’s largest commitments for world peace. The organization was funded with ten millions dollars in hope to eliminate war with stronger international organizations and laws. In addition to this organization, the Hague Academy of International Law was built in the Peace Palace at The Hague, which was home to the library of international law and the house of the Permanent Court of Arbitration.2 All of which, funded by the endowment. Carnegie and his endowment had a profound effect, almost laying a foundation for private peace movements, by passing government lobbying, providing a more direct mechanism to influence peace. Jane Adams was another leader in the movement for world peace. Addams was a prominent reformer during the progressive era. Her writings and speeches influenced many with the ideals of social justice and peace. After WWI started, Jane Adams and some other prominent peace activist formed the Women’s Peace Party (WPP). The WPP sent a group to the first meeting of the International Congress of Women, which was held at The Hague. Upon the ending of the the war, the Women’s International Committee for Permanent Peace (created by the International Congress of Women) met, where delegates were sent to countries affected by the war. These...

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