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The Everglades' Ecosystem Essay

844 words - 4 pages

The Everglades' Ecosystem
The Everglades is a large marshland containing different ecosystems that mesh together.
The area has been turned into a wildlife preserve to help maintain those ecosystems. The
Everglades is changing drastically because of human interference, and the wildlife has to adapt
to rapid changes in their environment, which has caused it to become a National Park to prevent
such changes as well as stop the introduction of exotic plant-life and animals into the Everglades.

Anne Ake's research explains that the Everglades has changed dramatically since the
human settlers arrived. For years, fires were common and healthy for the environment. But
when the settlers ...view middle of the document...

Some months, the rain causes the water level to
rise enough that fish venture past their normal habitat, but when when the rain dries up and the
dry season comes, the fish are left in shallow puddles that, as they dry, grow smaller and
smaller. Making them easy pickings for the "wading birds", like the cranes and the spoonbills
and such. However, due to the fluctuations in the rainfall per year, the birds don't have a stable
food source, this has caused a rapid decline in the bird population (DeAngelis et al 65-67).

The third point of research covers why the Everglades became a National Park, and
how that is beneficial to the ecosystem. The Everglades first became a National Park in 1947, in
order to preserve the different species that are indigenous to Florida, and can't be found
anywhere else. The Everglades is divided into, currently, nine individual habitats. The ecosystem
varies from each individual habitat, making it easier for the many different species of plants and
animals to have the environment most suited for their survival. If one of those habitats were
destroyed, it would change the ecosystem's order. Even now though, due to the constant
interference from humans, the nine habitats are constantly changing. Causing the wildlife to
change with it in order to survive and continue their species (Natural Features and Ecosystems).

The final piece of research is about how the Everglades, which once spanned three
million acres, has...

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