The evolution of the elephant specie initiates the modification in the genetic traits of an elephant through sequential generations; hence the independent species divided into separate divisions. The subspecies therefore evolved and developed independently, and ultimately expanded and branched out to form advanced species, resulting in the formation and evolution of the modern elephant specie. The current elephant is a large herbivorous mammal, native in Southern Asia and Africa. The elephant species is the largest existing land animal, belonging to the family Elephantidae, and the order of Probiscidea. The elephant is characterised by the possession of a versatile trunk, capable of grasping objects and ivory tusks.
The evolution of the elephant specie arose within the Eocene and early Oligocene age, dating back perhaps 60 million years earlier. The earliest proboscideans have inhabited and populated all continents of the world, however with the slight exclusion of both Australia and Antarctica. The elephant specie encountered five major phases of evolution, the Phosphatherium, Moeritherium, Phiomia, Primelephas and the current evolution stage the modern elephant Loxodonta Africana and the Elephas Maximus, referred to as the African, Asian elephant. The original proboscides established the foundation of perhaps 352 species and subspecies. However due to the immense escalation of human settlement, mass habitat destruction and ultimately illegal poaching, unfortunately only two major species continue to exist within society.
The earliest ancestor of the elephant existed 60 million years earlier. The prehistoric genus Phosphatherium initiated the evolution of the modern elephant specie. Although the primitive mammal is the initial acknowledged ancestor of the modern elephant, it adopts an unrecognisable and vague resemblance of the modern elephant. Diverging during the middle and late Paleocene, approximately 60 to 55 million years earlier, the Phosphatherium inhabited the stifling forests of Africa. Adopting a slightly small 3 feet long build, and weighing merely 45 kilograms. The Phosphatherium apprehended distinctive characteristics, characterised by the possession of a narrow snout, robust and diminutive limbs and its distinguishing hippopotamus-like physique. Although environmental alterations led to the foundation of the successive evolutionary phase of the Phosphatherium, the specific reason is unjustified.
During the course of sequential periods, environmental complications influenced the physical adaptions of the Phosphatherium. Evolution implemented the fundamental phase of the subsequent Moeritherium. The ancient elephant existed approximately 37 to 30 million years earlier, dwelling and inhibiting the swamps of Northern Africa, throughout the late Eocene and early Oligocene era. The Moeritherium obtained a diminutive yet pronounced and perhaps muscular figure, although, remaining only a slight 3 feet long mammal. However the mass of...