The Evolution of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement
American civil rights were a movement against racial segregation and discrimination in the southern United Sates during the decade of 1950´s. thanks to these series of protest minorities started getting more independence, and more equal rights. In order that, many groups were formed like Chicanos, La Raza Unida, and Los Cinco with the purpose of obtain equality and freedom. Therefore, many court cases emerged in order to change discrimination.
The Chicano movement was a cultural as well as a political movement, helping to construct new, and transnational cultural identities. The farmworkers movement called for better wages and to be protected against discrimination, the group of farmers was called La Raza Unida who played an important role in the rights of equality in Texas.
The 14th amendment establishes that all people in United States have the same rights, and cannot be discriminate against people or groups of people randomly. In order that, with the case Hernandez vs. Texas a Mexican Pete Hernandez was wrongly accused of murder. He was judged only for white jurors, and they wrongly accused Pete for been Mexican. Hernandez thought that it was unfair because it was not a jury of his peers. Therefore, he argued that if people who do not like Mexicans judged him, and then clearly they would say he was guilty. This case went to the Supreme Court and Mexicans and other minorities were finally allowed to be part of the jury. This court case helped establish Mexicans as a separate ethnicity from whites and blacks.
Another important court case was Mendez vs. Westminster School district, which was a precedent of racism in schools. Mendez emigrated from Mexico to Orange County, California and became a resident of the United Sates. When he pretended to send his children to study were denied access to school facilities despite the fact that they were all full American citizens. For instance, their children would have to attend the Hoover School; which was located in a different school district. This school was made for Mexican- American students. Again the 14th amendment was involved in this case, claiming that segregation of Mexican-American violate...