The exchange of ideas between the Bauhaus and other artistic movements during its evolution
This essay begins with the origin and the birth of early twentieth century art & architecture movements. These particular movements did not just affect painting, but also had a significant effect on architecture, theatre, film and photography.
"What about the reality of the everyday world and the reality of
Painting? They are not the same realities. What is this creative thing that
you have struggled to get and where did it come from? What reference or
value does it have, outside of the painting itself?"
Ad Reinhardt, in a group discussion at Studio 35, in 1950.
In his book The Expressionists Wolf-Dieter Dube explains abstract expressionism became prominent in the early twentieth century, pioneered by Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich and Piet Mondrian (fig1.0). Although the artists worked individually they were unified by the conviction that abstract painting was capable of evoking a spiritual experience. A head figure of Expressionism, Kandinsky, in 1911 began to paint heavily layered compositions of free floating lines. He had the objective to connect visual form with the properties of music. Later these particular artists joined various schools; Kandinsky joined the Bauhaus school in Weimar, and this era later saw the rise of the Bauhaus, De Stijl style, along with Le Corbusiers Purism journal l'Esprit Nouveau.
Fig1.0: Wassily Kandinsky’s transverse line 1923.
It would be difficult to progress further without taking into account the immense and diverse cultural and historical events that inevitably led to the birth of early twentieth century art and architecture. It was an unusual reaction of the new America from the old Europe. For more than half a century, the general European public had been presented with a variety of art movements. However a new wave of artists in Europe and the United States gave birth to a new future. Modern Art would finally release art and architecture from the claims of tradition and propel it to the next level (Kenneth Frampton, 2007, pg20). When the economical and ideological interests began to fade away in post war Europe in 1914, a renewed form of rationale evolved. It was not just people mental habits that changed the way of life; it was also the ways of life that changed peoples’ mental habits.
After the First World War many architectural designs were based on the use of materials such as glass, concrete and steel. There were several significant changes in the 20th century, which continued to thrive for the next 100 years.
These changes in styles were brought about because of new influences in architectural design in Britain, Europe and even as far as the U.S.A. The German Bauhaus school was particularly important, and although the two were not particularly related, the Art-Nouveau movement in 1920...