The Evolution Of Emotion, Urge And Behavior

3846 words - 15 pages

- -'If intelligence sets us apart among organisms, then I think is probable that natural selection acted tomaximize the flexibility of our behavior. What would be more adaptive for a learning and thinking animal: genesselected for aggression, spite an d xenophobia; or selection for learning rules that can generate aggression inappropriate circumstances and peacefulness in others.' - Stephen Jay Gould, 1981True enough, the plasticity of human behavior is a very important hallmarkof the species; one which has facilitated its spread into almost everyecosystem on the planet. Yet, as correct as Gould's reasoning is; he isoverlooking some important perspecti ves.For one; assuming that humans evolved from organisms which hadsubstantially less ability to learn ontogenicaly; it is hard to deny that theremust be, at least some residual effects of prior evolution present in modernhuman behavior. It seems highly un likely that the behavior of humanity,however malleable, has completely escaped the slow progressive influence ofgenetic selection.If human behavior is learned, and is fully controlled by the 'freewill' of theindividual, then why is it so well geared to adaptive, gene promoting action?Is it by random chance that humans the world over choose to feel painfullyjealous if their mate leaves them for another or anguished at the loss of achild? Did every culture in the world independently just happen to feelaversion to incest and create taboos against it?Humans don't learn to get hungry when their bodies need sustenance; theyget an urge that influences their behavior in an unarguably adaptive manner.People are averted by spoiled food because it smells bad. Rotten food smellsbad because it sickened an d killed all those who did not mind its odor. Thereis nothing in the nature of fire or in its affect on human bodies and nervoussystems that provides an absolute, over arching reason why burns hurt.Rather, they hurt because humans have been genetical ly molded to dislikethe sensation of burning flesh. These examples of human behaviors are,without a doubt, adaptive and adaptations of this sort certainly suggest agenetic origin. The same can be said, but in varying degrees, for the feardarkness, b eing alone, and death as well as the love of children, sex andfriendship.Basic human emotions are the products of evolution but, they are translatedinto human culture and worked on by individual rationalization to becomewhat van der Dennen (1987) calls 'sentimental structures' which are'...exaggerations or hypertrophication s of which the emotion sec is the rawmaterial, elaborated and superimposed by convetional symbols and abstractconcepts.' Thus, as van der Dennen writes: '...The sexual urge is transformedinto the complex 'eroticism', the feeling of loss into the compl ex of'mourning', and the emotion of fear may be easily transformed in paranoidthreat fantasies, while the impulse of anger may be transformed into theuniquely human sentiment structures such as...

Find Another Essay On The Evolution of Emotion, Urge and Behavior

How Red Effects Human Emotion and Behavior

1761 words - 7 pages How Red Effects Human Emotion and Behavior There is an influence constantly working on our minds, one that we may not have even noticed. It follows us everywhere, and we can't escape it no matter how hard we try. It doesn't make a sound or move, it just silently hides in plain sight effecting the way we think. Colors are one of the most effective yet least thought about influences on our minds. How come seemingly every super hero has a red suit

The Power of Emotion Essay

910 words - 4 pages The power of emotion is illustrated in literature. The control that one's emotions have over that person is so strong that they will usually take precedence over his common sense and logical reasoning. It is rare that a character will find himself in a situation where he is not emotionally inclined toward a particular group, cause, or another character. These emotions hinder his ability to think as rationally and logically as he otherwise would

The Emotion of Love

2915 words - 12 pages The far-reaching effects of love are often underestimated. It is a powerful emotion that dictates other extreme emotions, and influences decisions, thoughts and actions. Women are constantly exposed to romantic love, and because of that, women crave love from men. Love causes women to do things they would normally never do. The experiences that come from acts of love also lead to other emotions of passion. This is evident in female literary

The Roles of Emotion and Mood in an Organization

2369 words - 10 pages they expanded upon the AET framework. They investigated the individual attachment style, emotion regulation, the experience of customer service aggression, and related attitudes and behaviours. In the context of AET, individual differences in responding to customer aggression can be comprehended by attachment style potentially. Additionally, job satisfaction mediates the relationship between disclosure to customer aggression and behavioural

Strengths and Weaknesses of Emotion

1262 words - 5 pages -verbally with people of different language or background. When we see a community of a different culture, we show empathy and the will to observe and learn about their traditions and study their behavior. Another way human study is done via emotion is from the expression through non-verbal means such as paintings and sculptures. For example, we are able to see this applied in human sciences and art. Human sciences include anthropology, psychology and

The Unusual Physical and Emotion Bond of Conjoined Twins

637 words - 3 pages Conjoined twins, from the moment they enter the world, face a myriad of social, physical, psychological, and health problems. If one or both of the conjoined twins’ major body parts cannot properly function, they usually die within a few days. The births of conjoined twins are when the skin and internal organs are fused together, which only happens in every 40,000 births. The ratio for the sex of conjoined twins is 3:1, the 3 being the girls

Organizational behavior- "Manage the emotion" by Deff Gilpin

2269 words - 9 pages Video's ReviewIn video TOPIC2Deff Gilpin, Director of Affinity Marketing for GET Communications Corp., talks about how emotion and personality exhibit in workplace and how challenging is for manager to deal with negative emotion and putting them into the right position.Gilpin describes sometimes when negative emotion factors come into employees' behavior, people act very childish than their maturity level, therefore, he has to play a role as

The Universal Expressions of Emotion

1145 words - 5 pages This literature review will aim to discuss the universality of facial expressions of emotion drawing up points from a biological social and psychological view. Focusing on the debate of whether universal facial expressions of emotion exist through the biological perspective and if they don’t through a social perspective. As a result the biological and social perspective will be both merged to clarify the presence of certain universal

Fear: The Emotion of Darkness

780 words - 4 pages human being. Nonetheless, fear, the emotion of darkness, is a weapon that cannot only be used against people by others, but be an obstacle one faces within one’s self. Fear is a basic human emotion that describes a feeling towards danger and threats. Fear is a chain reaction in the brain that starts with a stressful stimulus and ends with the release of chemicals that cause a racing heart, fast breathing and energized muscles, among other responses

Understanding The Emotion of Jealousy

712 words - 3 pages . Another way is to completely and utterly immerse oneself in self-appreciation and love at the time of provocation; “Self worth comes with self appreciation and love. People who are truly comfortable and secure with themselves, rarely let jealousy get in the way.” [5] This quote shows that those who are self-reassured, appreciated, and loved, can easily eradicate the affect of jealousy in their lives. Jealousy is a prevalent and natural emotion

The Evolution of Evolution

1419 words - 6 pages The views of society towards the creation of humanity have rapidly changed since the discovery of evolution. Nevertheless, there was a time before the world did not know the theory of evolution and the theories demonstrated by Sir Charles Darwin. Before the evolution, there were people who were subjected to religious ideologies of how mankind was created, they believed that the upper class was known to be “divine creatures”. However, the

Similar Essays

The Evolution Of Social Behavior Essay

2413 words - 10 pages easier; thus in this instance, man cooperates with other people, in order to meet the selfish motive of self preservation. Whitworth and Whitworth (2010) add that human evolution paralleled social and technical evolutions, and is the reason man started living communally; social evolution dictated that forceful taking of items from other people was wrong, hence the commencement of simple trade. Over millennia, social behavior has evolved, causing

The Meanings Of Reason And Emotion

1317 words - 6 pages upward through his skull, Gage was still able to walk and talk and function normally immediately after the accident. However, his behavior changed drastically as prior to the accident, he was very decisive, rational and efficient, and after he became so uncouth, profane and irritable that his former employer would not hire him back. Neuroscientist Antonio Damasio uses the case of Phineas Gage to demonstrate how rationality stems from emotion

Psychology Of The Motivation And Emotion

904 words - 4 pages expectations. In saying that motivation is the urge that person to achieve their goal and persist in them for completion. What is psychology? According to the book mastering the world of psychology, is defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. The professional’s psychologists try to explain personal problems and try to predict the human conduct. They try to discover the general’s law in an order form may explain the

Nature And The Free Flow Of Emotion

1323 words - 5 pages he returned to England he was reunited with his sister and became friends with another great romantic poet, Coleridge. The two poets met often and eventually wrote Lyrical Ballads (Everett, Biography). Wordsworth devoted his work to nature and the free flow of emotion which he called the “real language of men” (Fralin, Poetry Analysis). In “The World Is Too Much With Us,” Wordsworth appears to be speaking out against almost everybody during the