The Evolution Of Fascism During Post Ww1 Europe

2360 words - 9 pages

Fascism today is certainly a controversial term, capable of stirring up emotions and starting a heated debate. Possibly because of its controversial nature in many ways it is difficult to define. The term itself is often used to describe someone else's beliefs rather than ones own and is frequently seen as an insult. Fascism in general refers to a number of movements that existed in Europe during the 20's and 30's. However, most of the groups involved rejected the label and claimed to be unrelated to each other. Although many political leaders have been labeled "fascist" during the past few decades this paper will introduce and emphasize the concept of fascism in Europe prominently from the pre world war one era until the end of world war two.Fascism, broadly defined, is seen as a political ideology that holds the interests of the state above that of its people as a whole. It proposes to create a national unity whose core principles focus on culture, race, and religion. Fascist states tend to be very patriotic, militaristic, and totalitarianistic. The word fascism originated during the rule of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini between the years 1922 -1943. Mussolini used it as a symbol for strength through unity. The word itself is a combination of the Italian word fascio and the Latin term for fasces. In The Doctrine of Fascism, Mussolini wrote "Anti-individualistic, the fascist conception of life stresses the importance of the State and accepts the individual only insofar as his interests coincide with those of the State, which stands for the conscience and the universal will of man as a historic entity....".Benito Mussolini was the prime minister ruling Italy beginning in 1922. His fascist regime was the father of all subsequent forms of fascism. Using a combination of censorship and propaganda he controlled Italy as a totalitarian dictator. In the beginning, Mussolini sided with France against Germany. It wasn't until four years before Mussolini entered Italy into WW2 that he sided with Adolf Hitler. Ever since the fall of the Roman Empire Italy had been lacking stature as a world power. Mussolini saw a chance to reunite his country under complete unification and used fascism as a catalyst to achieve this.Simple slogans such as "believe, obey, and fight" were employed as his fascist propaganda. Under Mussolini's dictatorship he controlled Italian radio to promote his state wide propaganda further. Such methods of propaganda utilized the fear of the people from communism and allowed them to be controlled much easier. Upper and middle class citizens feared the spread communism and socialism into their homeland, setting the foundation for a new form of a government to emerge.In the beginning of Mussolini's time of power he composed his government with nationalists, liberalists, and populists. He also sought to restore the state authority with the assimilation of Fasci di Combattimento into the armed forces. In 1923 Mussolini's rebuilt the...

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