This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Evolution Of Federalism And Housing Policy

1454 words - 6 pages

When James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay drafted the Federalist Papers to persuade the state of New York to ratify the newly drafted United States Constitution, they could never have envisioned the controversy that the political theory of Federalism would generate, and the subsequent evolution of federalism that would follow. The Framers of the Constitution never planned for the federal government to be directly involved with the general welfare of people living within the United States beyond ensuring for a national defense and the creation of a national economy (Wills, 1982). As debatable as this issue was in 1787 and 1788, the subject is still controversial today, and has spawned political factions that have called for a return to those Constitutional fundamentals grounded in federalism. In his introduction for the Federalist Papers, Wills (1982) defined federalism as a basic political tenet of the United States Constitution which recognized that the post-Revolutionary colonies could best be governed by a mix of local and central government decision-making. Today, states are called upon to address issues of social welfare such as abortion, gay marriage and public housing; yet, federal agencies and federal dollars are caught in the political crosshairs for legislative resolution to these issues. This essay will examine this evolution of Federalism and discuss the significance of it, as it relates to the current state of intergovernmental relations for public agencies involved in housing.
Structure of Federalism
The American concept of federalism implies balance. Consequently, a system of checks and balances created by a division of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the national government was established to thwart a corruption of power by any single branch. Further, power to govern was to be disseminated to state and local governments who could more efficiently deal with expanding domestic issues (Nivola, 2007). To that end, the purpose of the United States Constitution established this division of power so that the national government could focus on “primary public obligations” such as national defense, while lower tiers of state and local administration could be concerned with “secondary affairs” (Nivola, 2007, p. 2). The impact of this horizontal and vertical division of power created a form of dual federalism that resulted in strong state governments with minimal federal infringement in domestic policy (Nathan, 2006). This period of “dualism where states and the central government had comparable responsibilities” would last until the Civil War (Inman and Rubinfeld, 1997, p. 43).
Government Involvement in Housing
In the twentieth century, the government became directly involved in domestic policy as a result of the Depression and New Deal legislation. During this time, citizens looked to the national government to alleviate substandard housing conditions, primarily in rental units. Home...

Find Another Essay On The Evolution of Federalism and Housing Policy

Same-Sex Marriage and Immigration: The Role of Federalism

1936 words - 8 pages situations presented by these issues. In the past, gay rights were nonexistent and homosexuals faced an overwhelming amount of discrimination. Among all minority groups, “gay activists may face the toughest battle for equality.”(wps.longman.com). Simply on the basis of their sexuality, homosexuals often face discrimination in the workplace, education, housing, and access to public places. (wps.longman.com). Although one would expect the

Federalism and Poverty in the United States

2011 words - 8 pages airports, highways, waste disposal plants, public housing, drug rehabilitation centers, and other projects that would be in the national interest" (Dye, 1999,p.104). Federalism provides a lack of uniform policies and laws as each state can have different definitions of laws. The current swing of the political pendulum is toward devolving power back on the states. The best example of this trend is the Welfare Reform Act of 1996, which ended

Perspectives of Austrian and Canadian Federalism

2979 words - 12 pages often described as “collaborative federalism”, which is characterized by the principle of co-determination (Cameron 50)7. The governance of Canada is viewed by many as a “partnership between two equal, autonomous, and interdependent orders of government that jointly decide national policy” (Cameron 51)8. While both the provincial and federal governments have their own jurisdictions, when they come together to sort out intergovernmental matters both

The New Deal and American Federalism

942 words - 4 pages Federalism may be described as a system of government that features a separation of powers and functions between the state and national governments. This system has been used since the very founding of the United States. The constitution defines a system of dual federalism, which ensures sovereignty of the state and national governments. This is put in place in order to limit the national government’s power. However, the Great Depression of

The Evolution of Evolution

1419 words - 6 pages The views of society towards the creation of humanity have rapidly changed since the discovery of evolution. Nevertheless, there was a time before the world did not know the theory of evolution and the theories demonstrated by Sir Charles Darwin. Before the evolution, there were people who were subjected to religious ideologies of how mankind was created, they believed that the upper class was known to be “divine creatures”. However, the

finacialization and the housing market

715 words - 3 pages Q.3 Financialization is a complex process that labels global finance as the dominant force that drives all economic and political bearings. In order to understand this concept and the process of how financialization works, this essay will evaluate and assess how the collapse of the housing market led to the fiancial crisis in 2008. According to Economic Geography a contemporary introduction, financialization “is when all sorts of things are

Describe the main features of American federalism

2296 words - 9 pages it is failing in the modern environment. American federalism is a system of dual-sovereignty between two levels of government. It is a constitutional feature that power is divided between the national government and the governments of the states, and that both are mutually dependant on the other for their existence while both being removed from any fear of dissolution from the other. However, “The Framers left many questions relating to

The history of Federalism in the United States and it's roots, meaning, and effects

1256 words - 5 pages Federalism has been one of the most controversial terms in American Government since its creation in 1789. Confusion over the meaning of federalism and disagreement over its implications have not ceased since the debate over the constitution. Federalism, adding to its problematic history has never conformed precisely to any theoretical idea. The definition that we have come to study of federalism is: A political system in which power is divided

The Role of Housing Organizations

1479 words - 6 pages associations seek to improve their resources and funding by forging new partnerships. Above all, the common aspect that still binds organisations together is a social drive to act for the good of the citizen. A new generation of housing associations will arise from the tenants’ dissatisfaction, a generation of HAs that looks at partnerships as a valuable asset, rather than a policy driven approach (Chevin, 2013). An example of efficient working between

The Evolution of Man. Simple outline and examples of evolution

1655 words - 7 pages Evolution of manMan obviously shares a common ancestry with the modern apes, such as the gorilla and chimpanzee. We know this from the many characteristics that are shared between apes and man. Apart from obvious anatomical and behavioral similarities, the two groups also have many blood proteins and other biochemical characteristics in common.A comparison of the skulls of a gorilla and a modern man illustrate the main trends that have taken

Federalism vs. Anti-Federalism. Who could set rules and regulations for The States?

769 words - 3 pages After the American people liberated themselves from the tyranny, and unfair oppression of British rule, they were free. They became they own country. Wait! Now who would set rules and regulations for the states? In order for them to be prosperous, they must have some order and unity. Questions like who, how, and why were dominant in the minds of the American people of the time.Eventually a rift of political opinion formed among the ungoverned

Similar Essays

The Evolution Of Federal Housing Policy

2036 words - 8 pages This paper will focus on the evolution of federal housing policy, from the first policies in the 1930s to the current policies, with a consideration for the shifting priorities within the programs. The many goals and a brief history of housing policy in the United Stated will be established. With a dilution of goals and many responsibilities, an emphasis will be placed on low-income housing and the role the federal government

Success Of Singapore´S Public Housing Program And Its Evolution

2952 words - 12 pages years, housing activity generated lot of employment and economic activity, and thereby helped in kick-starting the Singapore success story. The above-referred considerations helped in achieving economic growth, social equity, stability and political acceptance in the country. Over a period of four decades, the policy has undergone many refinements to improve redistribution. This evolution is a product of pragmatism, constant adaptation, correction

The United States And Federalism Essay

1436 words - 6 pages representation and authority to occur within the states as well. This federalist system has proven to have many benefits that met the Founders needs in a government. Federalism allows states to be independent in their policy making while also integrated within the federal system. This system allows the states to regulate their own issues while also staying connected through the federal system. The delegation of smaller government entities also

Federalism The Perfect Balance Of Individual And Collective Interest

1031 words - 4 pages Federalism - The Perfect Balance of Individual and Collective Interest I have arrived at some temporary solutions to problems regarding political philosophy in the real world. For the most part, the debate over the ideal political philosophy has been narrowed down to two choices: socialism and capitalism. I agree with this. However, blending in with that debate my own conviction that toleration and moderation are the keys to success in any