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The Evolution Of Management Practices And Theories

2086 words - 8 pages

1.0 Introduction

With the rapid change of the world, thought of management, theory and practise keeps on changing. It has been transformed through innovation. Taking into consideration the uncertainty surrounding the construction industry, it is essential paying attention to how people work within an organisation that has set goals that needs to be achieved. To be able to achieve these objectives, it is necessary to understand management relating issues such as culture, motivation, leadership and issues relating like coordinating, planning and controlling. Understanding the way people and organisations work is very vital when it comes to the built environment. As a Quantity Surveyor some of my duties are to deals with people, technical issues and financial aspect of an organisation. However, to successfully achieve this aim, it is of the essence that quantity surveyors have adequate understanding of management theories which will propel them to deliver at the work place effectively and efficiently. This essay follows the path of management history while investigating the growth of management thinking and how contemporary management practices have evolved from this evolution.

1.1 Diverse Definition for Management and Organisations

According to Huczynski and Buchanan (2001) organization are “social arrangement for accomplishing controlled performance in the search of common goals”.
Thompson and McHugh (1995) defined organisation as “consciously created arrangement to achieve goals by collective means”. Henri Fayol (1916) cited by (Cole, 2004) defines management as “to manage is to forecast and plan, to organise, to command, to coordinate and to control”. Koontz and McFarland 1979 cited by Dos Santos 2002 also defines management as “a field of learning which is organised, researched and taught in integrative way, bringing aspects from various disciplines while at the same time developing its own body of theory”.
Based on these definitions, management and organisation complement each other hence it is essential to grasp both definitions in other to achieve organisational goals.

1.2 The Various Theories

1.2.1 Classical Management

The classical management has two basic drives namely scientific and general administrative management. Scientific management focuses on how to increase productivity whiles the administrative management theory looks at organizations in general and concentrate on how to make them effective and efficient.
Taylor imagined that workers would be able to make out the relationship between completion of more work in units and the economic rewards been increased. Taylors work as described by (Buchanan and Huczynski, 2004) depicts how theories were to take place at shop floor levels, then how facts were substituted for opinion and guess work. Henri Fayol, his fellow classical writer had a different perception which looked at organisation from top to bottom. The pace setters of classical theories had engineering...

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