This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Evolution Of Modern Humans Essay

3549 words - 14 pages

While time travel still remains elusive to us, scientists have been able to discover things about our past as a species that were practically inconceivable over 150 years ago when Charles Darwin released his book entitled The Origin of Species. They have especially uncovered many pieces to our still incomplete puzzle over the past 20 years so that we now have a nearly complete idea of how our species Homo sapiens came to be. This story of our history includes dozens of species’ and hundreds of fossils and bones, yet fairly few complete or even partial skeletons. Hominids have gone through many changes to get from one of our earliest species’ Ardipithecus ramidus to Homo sapiens which scientists have been able to discover through a process called genetic analysis. Research over the last twenty years has given paleoanthropologists and researchers a far more definitive idea of how Homo sapiens came to be.
Ardipithecus ramidus was one of the earliest hominids and our ancestors, was discovered by Tim D. White and his team of researchers in Ethiopia between 1992 and 1994. The fossil that they first found was part of the partial skeleton nicknamed “Ardi.” They had, in total, found all of her skull and teeth, hands, feet and pelvis (See Figure 1). However, when she was uncovered, her bones were so fragile that they crumbled when touched. The team then had the entire stones that her bones were in excavated to the National Museum of Ethiopia where they could then be analyzed and reconstructed using CT scans. A new genus (Ardipithecus) was specially created so that Ardi would be distinguished from the previously established genus, Australopithecus. Within the species name, “ramidus,” the word “ramid” means “root” in the Afar language and refers to the correlation between this species and the “roots of humanity.” In the genus name “Ardipithecus” the prefix “ardi” means “ground” or “floor” in the Afar language as well. Female partial skeleton “Ardi” (ARA-VP-6/500) is one of the six known early human partial skeletons over one million years old. She was found in Aramis in the Middle Awash of the Afar Region, Ethiopia. Her skull indicates that she had a small brain (which was around 300 to 350 cubic centimeters) a small face with thin cheeks, thin brow ridges, fairly little face projection, and a short, down-turned skull to help her balance when walking upright. She had a grasping big toe which could help when climbing trees, but she also had a short, broad pelvis, indicating bipedal walking. Ardi was approximately 120 centimeters (3 feet, 11 inches) tall and 50 kilograms (110 pounds) and the only size estimate we have for her entire species. However, upper canine teeth from males are only slightly bigger that females so there was not likely very much sexual dimorphism 4.4 million years ago. She lived in a woodland area, which disproved the open savanna theory which states that early humans began to...

Find Another Essay On The Evolution of Modern Humans

The Evolution of Evolution Essay

1419 words - 6 pages introduction of evolution leads the theory to be the base of biology and changes the minds of people all over the world. Firstly, before the theory of evolution, there was the idea of humans being created by God. For example, in Greek mythology it was believed that man was created by Prometheus (The creation of man by Prometheus, 2014). In Christianity, it was believed that God created humans, in the bible it states: “God created man in His own

The Controller of Humans Essay

1260 words - 6 pages cerebral cortex has hemispheres that have an outer convoluted layer of grey matter. Underneath the cerebral cortex, a layer of white matter exists. In this part of the brain, it is estimated to be 10 billion nerve cells. The hemispheres are two halves of the cerebrum linked by corpus callosum (Dictionary of Biology, 2004). Frontal lobe is extremely important for humans. The frontal lobe helps humans control decision making, problem solving, and

The Evolution of the Notion of Man from Julius Caesar to the Modern Man

1259 words - 6 pages important and stop grouching around thinking someone else will do it for them. There once was a time where men were revered for their bravery, courage and nobility; but, that age is no more. The undependability of the modern man is quite frightening and, quite frankly, embarrassing. Men have always been the macho dudes who would save the day. They were the fabled fairy tale knights that were always willing to stand up for what was right and

Evolution of the Modern Woman in Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse

1505 words - 6 pages Evolution of the Modern Woman in Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse examines the role of women or more specifically, the evolution of the modern woman. The two main female characters in the novel, Mrs Ramsay and Lily Briscoe, both represent different views on life and follow different paths on their search for meaning. Lily Briscoe transcends the traditional female gender roles embodied by Mrs Ramsay; by

The Evolution of the Elite United States Navy SEALs: Vietnam to Modern Day Conflicts

1942 words - 8 pages a variety of tactical and strategic uses. As time went on, the United States Navy SEALs played a role in a variety of conflicts all over the world. Present day conflicts in the Middle East are utilizing the SEALs more than they have ever been used. This is particularly true in the regions of Iraq and Afghanistan where the war on terror still occurs today. Since their creation and evolution during the Vietnam War, the SEALs have basically been completing missions and operating under the same style of warfare. The SEALs presently carry on the legacy that their brothers back in the Vietnam War forged for them with blood, sweat, and pure firepower.

The Evolution of Advertising and its Impact in the Modern Day

1703 words - 7 pages attributes related to the particular item in question. The very first form of advertising that took place in humans was the propaganda, otherwise known as intentionally skewed or misleading advertisements to fit an agenda or dogma, that rulers used to promote their image. Rulers, whether it be the ruler of a small tribe an isolated forest in Papua New Guinea or the emperor of the Roman Empire, generally promoted a self image of generosity

The Evolution of the Modern Woman as seen in Roald Dahl's 'Witches'

2277 words - 9 pages When looking at women over the past two centuries, and comparing them to the modern women of today, it becomes obvious that major changes have occurred. Changes such as the Industrial Revolution; where women were brought into the working force and the Women's Rights Movement; which began and increased voting among women. This eventually led to the opportunity for women to hold a position in the government and eventually the independence of a

Evolution of the Haunted House in Early and Modern Gothic Novels

959 words - 4 pages Evolution of a Haunted House: The use of setting in early and modern gothic novels The setting for a novel plays a big part in how the story and its characters relate to the reader. This paper will examine how setting in gothic literature, plays an important role in the telling of a story by using Horace Walpole’s The Castle of Otranto and Shirley Jackson’s The House on Haunted Hill as examples. During the eighteenth century, the Romantic

Q: Evaluate the impact of humans on evolution in society and the environment. Compare Darwin/Wallace and Lamarchin theories of evolution. Discuss how society has reacted to these two theories

558 words - 2 pages A: Humans have had a great impact on Evolution in most aspects. An example of this is the destruction of many factors favourable for evolution. The most prominent is the clearing of land by farmers etc. This can have many negative effects on the environment, when land is cleared many things are effected, Firstly plant life can be destroyed, this effects the natural ecosystem also the clearing of land can effect animals, due to the recourses they

The Evolution of Criminal Law: From the Common Law to Modern Statutes and the Model Penal Code

4557 words - 18 pages new laws and new influences on existing laws serve? What is the Common Law of England that came to be so vital to early American Jurisprudence? Does the common trend towards a Model Penal Code of criminal law stand in contradistinction to the earlier legal forebears, or are these merely codification and evolution of their predecessors?In arguably one of the most influential works to effect American legal thought, Oliver Wendell Holmes (1881

The Evolution of Neanderthals

1612 words - 6 pages Name 1NAMEUNIVERSITYAncient Peoples of the WorldPROFESSORASSIGMENTIs There Neanderthal in Us?Over the course of human history, an abundant amount of information has been found on the evolution of our species, Homo sapiens. Of those, Neanderthals are a species whose origin has been debated and interpreted in different views. They are an extinct hominid lineage and their role in the evolutionary history of modern humans is a well concern topic

Similar Essays

The Evolution Of Modern Humans Essay

2133 words - 9 pages Human history has been traced back thousands and tens of thousands of years to the great apes. The evolution of modern humans as they are known today can be linked to and possibly attributed to the ancestors, great apes. It could be said that without great apes, humans today would not be the same. After all, humans and great apes share 99% of the same genome. Now these ancestors are in danger, they face extinction. Not only one species of great

The Evolution Of The Modern Guitar

1572 words - 6 pages The modern guitar can be easily acknowledged as one of the most influential and renown instruments in the world. The guitar recognized today has been around for hundreds of years and it is still leaving a legacy in the musical world. Some early iterations of the guitar dating back as far as 1400 BC have evolved into what is known as the modern guitar through design innovation. Before the use of synthetic materials in the development of

The Role Of Humans And Climate On Landscape Evolution On Dartmoor

1473 words - 6 pages , ‘climate’ describes long term weather patterns, Meteorologists determine ‘climate’ by taking weather measurements over a period of 25 years and calculating the averages (Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2005). Dartmoor appears to be a landscape relatively unchanged by humans except for a few visible stone walls and roads. However if you look closer you see hills, gullies and indentations, scar the landscape which are remnants of tinners scouring the

Are Modern Humans Still Evolving? A Research Paper On The Relevancy Of Darwin's Age Old Theory

1751 words - 7 pages play a big role in changing the way in which evolution functions. If genetic engineering becomes common, humans will be able to choose certain genes and get rid of others; the future of evolution will be dependent on which genetic traits parents will choose for their children. This would have huge implications; humans would essentially have evolution in their hands (Adams, 2004). It seems that in modern society, humans have more of a say in natural