Evolution of Nutrition
Human understanding of nutrition has evolved exponentially over the course of the last century. Up until the turn of the 20th century, there was little interest in researching nutrition. Almost all of the nutritional knowledge of the time came from the philosophies and opinions from immigrants. America had minimal knowledge while other countries had began to invest in nutritional research. Part of the reason this subject began to grow at the time was because of the fear of falling behind other nations. Additionally, the lifestyle of the average citizen was different. The majority of America was rural farmland so they were physically active. The general consensus of the people was that a good diet resulted in good mental and physical health. It was around this time jobs such as nutritionists and personal trainers began to appear. The times were changing and nutrition impacted all aspects of life. The evolution of nutrition throughout the 20th century affected the works of the writers during the time.
Nutrition was viewed as unimportant and not a necessary field of study. When this view began to change and the field of nutrition began to grow, a new career opportunity being a nutritionist appeared. Scientists began to study the importance and effects of the foods they have been eating for hundreds of years. One of the most common ideologies was that fresh fruits and the consumption of greens was not worthwhile. Many viewed these foods beneficial, however inferior to meat products such as chicken or steak. The problem was meat products were much more expensive so less people could afford to eat them on a regular basis. Additionally, fruits and vegetables were relatively cheap considering the abundance of farmers during the time. Just about every family that owned a farm grew some type of food but not all raised animals as they are have a lesser return on investment. It takes a significantly greater amount of effort and risk when raising animals as opposed to crops. There is also a greater variety of food choices when it comes to crops as opposed to meat choices. People could eat something different everyday and for less money, which is a large reason as to why crops were a more viable food choice. The average family would spend 44 hours per week on meal preparation and clean up. Meal quality was considerably higher compared to today. Food was a top priority and now people began to realize the importance of what they were consuming. Writers during the time were among those affected. The physically demanding lifestyle most people lived influenced writer’s works whether it be subject, style or attitude. The industrial transition was not complete by any means so the slow paced farm lifestyle was what most people lived.
The first fifteen years of the twentieth century are when real changes began to occur in the field of nutrition. The transition from an agrarian to industrialized society is now fully in effect. The majority of...