The Evolution Of Public Administration In American Society

1444 words - 6 pages

Public administration as a field of study and as a practice has continually evolved with American society. The United States has survived and thrived through major cultural shifts, varying degrees of economic climates, and both civil and world wars. Through out all these changes in our country, one thing has always remained the same, the fact that we are an ever evolving and always changing nation. Theories and forms of practice of public administration have also evolved parallel with the history of the United States. There have been numerous events in American history have lead to changes in society and the practice of public administration has both led and followed in the adaptation process of such monumental changes.

Public administration formally became a recognized academic and professional field in the late 19th century. Many public administration scholars contend that the start of public administration becoming a field of study was the 1887 Political Science Quarterly article “The Study of Administration” by a young Woodrow Wilson. (Shafritz, Russell, & Borick, 2011, pg. 28) Woodrow Wilson was classified as being a member of the Progressive Movement. The Progressives were a varied group of politicians, academics, advocates and activists who sought to abolish what they saw as the corrupt practices of the patronage system and to reform the new industrialized society that America had become. They objected to the pervasive corruption of government and sought to do away with the political machines that had become the standard of the time.

The study of public administration only continued to grow over the course of the next two decades. As the study of public administration expanded, so did the development of scientific management theories, like those of Leonard White, Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick. Gulick and Urwick released a set of papers on a new type of organizational theory. The collection, Papers on the Science of Administration, saw the arrival of Gulick’s well-known mnemonic POSDCORB, which stands for his idea of the seven major functions of management. The United States government grew exponentially during the 1930’s and 1940’s. Large-scale government programs, such as the Work Projects Administration and the Social Security Administration, which were aimed at pulling the nation out of the Great Depression, were created during this time period. It was also during this time period that the President’s Committee on Administrative Management, or commonly called the Brownlow Committee convened. The Brownlow Committee made sweeping recommendations regarding the administrative organization of the office of the President. These recommendations ultimately led to the creation of the Executive Office of the President. (Shafritz, Russell, & Borick, 2011, pg. 100-102) During the following decades the nation then experienced a period of prosperity and continued expansion. Correspondingly, the field of public...

Find Another Essay On The Evolution of Public Administration in American Society

Cotton: Its Part in Evolution / discusses the history of cotton in America and how it evolved, along with American society.

3080 words - 12 pages coast of the Carolinas and Georgia" (214). This crop is of such great importance in the production of fabrics in high demand.The future of cotton culture will either survive or perish, only as they serve the public with intelligence and genius (Crawford 229). Society is a fabric-pampered one, accustomed to buying the plushest of fabrics from the finest of looms from around the world. Yet, society is not compelled by its poverty to buy expensive

Public Administration Reformation In Brunei Essay

3657 words - 15 pages and vital support. High standards of living were surely come from good civil services serving the bests to people. To serve the bests to people, those civil services must be skillful enough and that was why the government had to improve civil service system and also make civil servants more skillful. To succeed the purpose of becoming more systematic in public administration and more skillful of civil services, the government had to reform its

H. George Frederickson’s The Spirit of Public Administration

1464 words - 6 pages explaining that “public administration is both a profession and field of study (p. 19).” This statement is very exact. Often times public administrators focus on the profession and do not practice studying their role in society. “The word administration is the subject of extended study, analysis, and discourse (p. 19).” Meaning the role of the public administrator is to lead along with learning as they progress through their careers. Also, in the

Creation vs. Evolution in the Public Schools

1573 words - 6 pages well as creationists, connect strong emotion to the controversy of what should be taught in public school systems, yet to adequately and constitutionally cover the topic of origin of life, both creation and evolution should be taught as possibilities in public schools so that students can decide for themselves what belief they support. Just like the spreading of a rumor, the misuse of the term “evolution” causes misunderstandings and

The Evolution of Gender Roles and its Role in Society

1996 words - 8 pages When thinking of gender roles in society, stereotypes generally come to mind. Throughout history these stereotypes have only proven to be true. Major historical events have had a huge impact on the way men and women are seen and treated. In this way, women have always been secondary to males and seen as the fragile counterparts whose job is to take care of the household and most importantly, be loyal to her husband no matter the circumstance

The Evolution of American Self

1101 words - 4 pages The American Self is the common character and values of American people which evolved depending on governmental philosophy, religious belief, and economical aspiration from beginning of its formation to the present. Any of the change in the above factors would contribute to the evolution of the American Self. Over time, the American Self changed from communalism, whole hearted religious faith, and interest in material goods to individualism

The Evolution of American Expansionism.

772 words - 3 pages The Evolution of American ExpansionismThe United States that had existed from the landing on Plymouth in 1620 to the Reconstruction period in the late 19th century was a country dependent on expansionism for survival. Among the imperial powerhouses of Western Europe, this blossoming country was forced to practice expansionism merely to keep its head above water. However, as the country neared the beginning of turn of the century, ambitions grew

Evolution Of The American Nation

1669 words - 7 pages Evolution of the Nation During the post Civil War time period, 1865 to 1945, the United States of America was a rapidly changing country. There were many different reforms taking place in the economic, political, and urban systems. The American industry was rising. New inventions, westward expansion, and new federal laws were making the country a melting pot of cultures from around the world. Also during this time period the nation experienced

The Evolution of Swimming in American Culture: Michael Phepls

2241 words - 9 pages more knowledge of the sport and a more efficient body type. The World Biography says that “Mark got seven gold at 1972 and Phelps got eight in 2008” . Phelps won gold in all of his events in the 2008 Olympics and Spitz got gold in all of his but he only did seven events in 1972. Phelps had more opportunities in his time of swimming than Spitz.Which shows the evolution in skills in American culture through Michael Phelps Born in Modesto

The Violence of Youth in American Society

871 words - 3 pages The Violence of Youth in American Society Times are changing. In a world where there really is no safe haven from the violence of the cold and harsh world. As an American citizen one might believe that they could send their children to an institute of learning and their children would be safe from harm and far from losing their lives. But now that idea is not reverently supported. The American children have been attacked. This should

Criticism of American Society in the 1920s

1301 words - 5 pages Untitled Vivek Arumugam 9/8/09 Criticism of American Society in the 1920s American society during the 1920s generally had changed significantly in comparison to what it was like before the First World War. The power that men had over women in society had increased. Also woman were now starting to behave more differently. They would do things that they did not usually do like drink alcohol or go out with men. In addition, there

Similar Essays

The Future Of Public Administration Essay

1876 words - 8 pages have been elected or appointed to give political direction to government and, customarily, career civil servants). By custom, civil servants are protected from public blame or censure for their advice. The acts of their administration may, however, be subject to special judicial controls from which no member of the executive can defend them. Structure of civil service Civil services are organized upon standard hierarchical lines, in

The Classical Model Theory Of Public Administration

2330 words - 10 pages : Center for Technology in Government Ewalt, J 2001. “ Theories of Governance and New Public Management: Links to Understanding Welfare Policy Implementation”, paper prepared for presentation at Annual Conference of the America Society for Public Administration. Halligan.J.2007 Accountability in Australia: Control, Paradox and Complexity. Hwang. Y. 2004. “Reform: Concepts, Theories, and Issues in Korea”, paper presented in International Seminar

Technology In Public Administration Essay

1977 words - 8 pages was very wealthy then they had the power and position in public service. But Andrew Jackson believed that public service should be open to anyone in the society and that wealth did not determine your position in the federal side since the government jobs did not require experience. This form of public administration is not efficient because the people hired would be corrupted because they are not qualified for their qualifications but by their

Slavery In American Society: Impact And Evolution

1659 words - 7 pages Slavery in American Society: Impact and evolution Slavery in American Society The controversies surrounding slavery have been established in many societies worldwide for centuries. In past generations, although slavery did exists and was tolerated, it was certainly very questionable,” ethically“. Today, the morality of such an act would not only be unimaginable, but would also be morally wrong. As things change over the course of