The Evolution Of The Computer Essay

1240 words - 5 pages

The history of computers initially started with humans using tools like pebbles and notches in sticks to count objects. The human aspect of computers is that they wanted a way to do calculations, which includes adding and multiplying multiple numbers. The manual calculator was one of beginning stages of computer history, even though humans were the ones who had to perform the calculations. The manual computer had the abacus, which was a frame that contains beads mounted on rods. This technology was used in Rome, Greece, India, China, and Japan.
In 1623, Wilhem Schicard, a college professor, developed the first mechanical calculator. It performed by itself, although a human had to enter the numbers. Later, a mathematician named Charles Babbage designed a general purpose calculator that was called an Analytical Engine. The concept of this computer was to modernize by having memory, processor and an output device. The information was on punch cards and allowed the user to define and enter programs.
In the 1890’s, metal rods were used to read cards or data was introduced by Herman Hollerith, a statistician, with the U.S Bureau of the Census. Hollerith was the first American to use that device. He later founded the Tabulation Machine Company. The tabulation of numbers soon became the way of sorting and counting cards. Tabulating also became the way of doing business for many companies.
In 1936 Konrad Zuse designed the Z1 computer, which was the first freely programmable computer. In 1942, John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry started the ABC Computer which was first in the computing business – although it was not always easy as ABC. In 1944, Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper invented the Harvard Mark 1 computer.
In 1946 John Presper Eckert and John Mauchly developed the ENIVAC 1. This computer marketed 20,000 vacuum tubes. In 1948, Fredrick Williams and Tom Kilburn were the founders of the Manchester Baby Computer and Williams Tube Company. That computer was innovative in developing memory in computers.
These inventors and entrepreneurs set the stage for the development of the current personal computers. During the 1950s, UNIVAC was established as the first digital computer. J.Preper and John Mauchly were the backers of UNIVAC, although they saw this computer to be commercially sound as a masterpiece. Remington Rand Corporation was first in the manufacture of this product. The UNIVAC was seven feet high and fourteen feet long. The data that it could read was 7,000 characters per second and its RAM was 12Kilo-Bytes. Also it stored and retrieved information using a magnetic tape.
The year 1945 was a critical moment for defining the nature of technology. John Napier invented a device called the “Napier Bones”. His device was able to perform multiplication and division. William Oughtred was a mathematician who used the same principle that John Napier used to construct the first slide rule. These tools were used until the 1960’s....

Find Another Essay On The Evolution of the Computer

Evolution of Computer Technology and Operating Systems

1971 words - 8 pages The personal computer underwent drastic changes with the introduction to advanced computing software and hardware. The evolution of computers did not develop on its own; key influential figures such as Steve Jobs and Bill Gates led the revolution of technology. These well-known individuals competed with each other by continually innovating and creating more and more advanced technology. Computer technology moved forward when Intel created 64-bit

Computer Evolution Evidenced in the essays "Toward An Intelligence Beyond Man’s" by Robert Jastrow and "The AI Revolution Is On" by Steven Levy

752 words - 4 pages In the essay "Toward An Intelligence Beyond Man’s" by Robert Jastrow, the author showed his view on computer intelligence and predicted that computer intelligence will be a new kind of evolution. Jastrow stateed that computer nowadays is as intelligent as human brain; they can communicate with human, learn from experience, and raise logical questions. The more complex the computer, the better they imitate human. He predicted that computer will

The Evolution of Evolution

1419 words - 6 pages The views of society towards the creation of humanity have rapidly changed since the discovery of evolution. Nevertheless, there was a time before the world did not know the theory of evolution and the theories demonstrated by Sir Charles Darwin. Before the evolution, there were people who were subjected to religious ideologies of how mankind was created, they believed that the upper class was known to be “divine creatures”. However, the

History of the computer

1409 words - 6 pages Every day, millions of people use many forms of computers. From laptops to iPods™, they are used for many purposes. There are many, many things you could do with the power of a computer, but what really defines a computer and what composes it? The computer, a simple binary machine that was imagined by Charles Babbage now using many important parts, has progressed over many years to become the best invention ever to be conceived. In

The Process of Evolution

1375 words - 6 pages Without evolution, and the constant ever changing environment, the complexity of living organisms would not be as it is. Evolution is defined as a process that results in heritable changes in a population spread over many generations (8).Scientists believe in the theory of evolution. This belief is based on scientific evidence that corroborates the theory of evolution. In Figure 1 the pictures of the skulls depict the sequence of the evolution

The Theory Of Evolution

1282 words - 5 pages The theory of evolution, as set forth by Charles Darwin in 1859, stated that all plant and animal life evolved over long period The theory of evolution, as set forth by Charles Darwin in 1859, stated that all plant and animal life evolved over long periods of time from simple to more complicated forms through mutation and adaption. He also taught that only the fittest on each species would survive. This concept is called &quot

The Evolution of Sex

2520 words - 10 pages , the species would become extinct. Because of this inescapable fact, the evolution of sex is a very important topic. One may say that sex drives evolution and evolution drives nature, which in turn makes sex the center of existence. When examining the evolution of sex there are many different topics and facts to be looked at closely. This paper will give a brief description of the history of sexual reproduction and how it has evolved over

The evolution of theory

727 words - 3 pages There is a monkey in your family tree. Whether that is fact or theory, and the difference, Stephen Jay Gould explains in, “Evolution as Fact and Theory”, which appeared in the May 1981 issue of Discover Magazine. Mr. Gould was described by the New York Times as, “one of the most influential evolutionary biologists of the 20th century” (Yoon). He wants to show how the creationist's have built their argument against evolution on sand, and the

The Evolution of Email

1686 words - 7 pages Joe Boyle Instructor Robert Simms CETC 1174 70C – Advanced PC Repair 01-April-2014 The Evolution of Email Long before the Internet actually existed, email or electronic mail, could be traced back to the directories of a new computer system used at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965. They had built a machine called “Compatible Time-sharing System” and eventually allowed university

The Evolution of Animals

5696 words - 23 pages The Evolution of Animals Eukaryotes come in two grades of organization: single-celled (protists) and multicellular (plants, animals, and fungi). The world today is full of complex multicellular plants and animals: how, why, and when did they evolve from protists? Proterozoic Protists A single-celled eukaryote or protist can carry chlorophyll (it can be an autotrophic, photosynthetic, "alga"), it can eat other organisms (it can be an

The Evolution of Phones

1290 words - 6 pages world’s first iPhone was revealed. It was the first touch screen phone and it allowed people to run apps that allowed movies, books, games, navigation, and security. According to Forum Magazine in regard to phones, “They have not only enhanced communication, but have made our lives easier” (The Evolution of the Mobile Phone). Most people these days can’t imagine living without their phones (Dees). More and more people are beginning to use cell

Similar Essays

The Evolution Of Computer Essay

728 words - 3 pages The book I read for my book report is The History of The Computers written by Barbara A. Somervill. Early humans needed to count things long before they had word for numbers. They used their fingers and toes. But twenty was not a big enough number to count the people in the village or to count the number of sheep in a herd. So they invented the abacus. The first computer was produced by a German engineer, Konrad Zuse, in 1936. Future

The Evolution Of The Computer Virus

2030 words - 9 pages The Evolution of the Computer Virus Introduction In simple terms a virus can be defined as software, which is unwanted and executes arbitrary code on systems. It acts as a small software program, which has the capability of exploiting other software programs in order to piggyback[1]. The terms viruses and malwares are used interchangeably, however, in technical terms, the viruses are a subset of malware and so are trojans, worms and

The Evolution In Computer Science Essay

1862 words - 8 pages Contents 1 . Introduction 2. 2 . Problem 2 3 . The main idea 2 4 . Basic algorithm : 4 5 . Design of the program and explained : 4 6 . Error messages : 8 1 . Introduction The evolution in computer science , especially in the quality of software , and shift programs to facades and windows (User Interface), making those programs that do not work this way back down to the back and at least use it and over it became some users

The Evolution Of The Macintosh Computer Over Time

2261 words - 9 pages . If you care to read more about Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak then please visit the websites in the sources list and read the book by Walter Isaacson. Works Cited Isaacson, Walter. Steve Jobs. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011. Print. Page, Ian. Mactracker. Vers. 7.3. Computer software. Mactracker, 2014. MAC OS X, download. “Stephen Gary Wozniak.” 2014. The Biography.com website. Apr 08 204 http://www.biography.com/people/steve-wozniak-9537334 Apple, Eddible. "Edible Apple." The Evolution and History of the Apple Logo. Wordpress, 2009. Web. 07 Apr. 2014. .