This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Evolution Of The Internal Combustion Engine

1620 words - 6 pages

From the mid-1800s to today, the internal combustion engine is becoming more and more complex. From minor improvements, to total reconstruction; the internal combustion engine has changed greatly, and is still changing. By the 3000s, who knows what possibilities will await, but for one to understand the evolution of the internal combustion engine, they must be knowledgeable of the history, present, and future.
What is internal combustion? Internal combustion is the process of internally burning gasoline to produce forward motion. There are two different types of internal combustion engines. The diesel engine is one and the gas turbine engine is the other. The gas turbine engine is the most commonly used engine in the automobile industry. The principle behind internal combustion is simple. If you put a small amount of fuel, such as gasoline, in a small enclosed space and ignite it, an extreme amount of energy is released. This energy is released in the form of expanding gas (“Internal Combustion”2).
The internal combustion engine was invented in 1860 by a Belgian man named Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir. Lenoir built the first gas powered internal combustion engine that provided a reliable and continuous source of power. Although the engine was powered by gas, it was not gasoline. The engine was fueled by coal gas. The first practical internal combustion engine was based on the experience from the production of steam engines. It was a single cylinder engine, and had slide valves that were used to draw in the air/fuel mixture. The engine was also double acting. This means that the air/fuel mixture was fed into the cylinder alternately from either end of the piston. Then the spark plug ignites the mixture. The engine was a great achievement, but there were many issues; one issue being that it was terribly unreliable, because of this, many improvements were made by later pioneers. A result of this has been the development of many new engines. These engines were the two-stroke engine, the four-stroke engine, and the petrol engine. A man from Austria named Siegfried Marcus created an engine that ran on petrol in 1864 (“The Internal Combustion Engine”1).
Almost all cars currently use what is called a four-stroke combustion cycle to convert gasoline into energy. The four-stroke cycle is also known as the Otto cycle, which is named after Nikolaus Otto, who invented it in 1867. The Otto cycle consists of four strokes, hence the name four-stroke process. The first step of the four-stroke process is the intake stroke. During the intake stroke the piston begins at the top of the cylinder. The intake valve then opens, and the piston moves down to let the cylinder take in the air/gasoline mixture. Only a small amount of gasoline is needed for this. The second stroke is called the compression stroke. During this stroke the piston moves back up the cylinder to compress the air/gasoline mixture. Compression makes the explosion after ignition more powerful. Also, the...

Find Another Essay On The Evolution Of The Internal Combustion Engine

Components, Wear, and Rebuild of an Internal Combustion Engine

2717 words - 11 pages completely disassembled leaving the block and internal components separated. With all internal components out of the motor, it can be cleaned. The block and heads can go to a machine shop to be hot tanked. A hot tank is an acid bath that removes contaminants and most paint from the metal. The parts stay in the hot tank for several hours as the caustic solution circulates around (“Cleaning Engine Parts”). Once clean, the parts can be inspected for wear

The Future of Internal Combustion Essay

1147 words - 5 pages transportation could not be possible, The Internal Combustion Engine. You might be wondering what is exactly is an Internal Combustion Engine? It’s actually a simple concept but the way it’s performed can becoming very complex. The function of is to create a pulling force through a controlled explosion of compressed air and fuel inside a combustion chamber which then pulls a crank. Depending on what type of platform the engine is on will determine what

The Diesel Hybrid Combustion Engine

1321 words - 5 pages The Diesel Hybrid Combustion Engine Two main types of engines powering everyday machinery are diesel and gasoline internal combustion engines. Both vary on efficiency levels, but are still effective. Diesel engines have high efficiency levels, such as producing great amount of torque at very low rpms. They are also known for their fuel-efficient behavior and capability to produce low emissions. Their capability

EXPERIMENTATION AND FLOW ANALYSIS ON AN OPEN COMBUSTION CHAMBER GEOMETRIES TO IMPROVE THE COMBUSTION OF A BIODIESEL FUELLED DIESEL ENGINE

1540 words - 7 pages In this present work a study about the effect of varying the combustion chamber geometry i.e. providing the curved tangential groove on the piston crown in the cylinder was investigated for the air swirl, squish, tumble in the combuston chamber by using CFD software, this improving the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a single cylinder direct injection diesel engine by using biodiesel. In order to achieve the different

The Combustion of Polymers

1756 words - 8 pages of ongoing, within the last five years, research into enhancing the flame retardancy of polymers. The combustion of a polymer can be classified as an exothermic oxidation reaction. The reaction starts when the polymer is heated to its initiation temperature or when the chemical bonds begin to cleave. As a result, the polymer begins to give off volatile gases (reducers), which mixes with atmospheric oxygen (oxidizer). When this fuel mixture

The hidden engine of creativity

601 words - 2 pages The hidden engine of creativityWhat is Boredom?Boredom appears when you are merely uninterested in the outside world and the inner world of your thoughts. It appears when a person is alone with himself. Boredom comes from the depths of the mind. I believe it to be a trivial emotion that is unconscious and an essential part of progress since the beginning of time. Despite the fact, that some believe that boredom, is the plague of the 21st century

The Evolution of Evolution

1419 words - 6 pages The views of society towards the creation of humanity have rapidly changed since the discovery of evolution. Nevertheless, there was a time before the world did not know the theory of evolution and the theories demonstrated by Sir Charles Darwin. Before the evolution, there were people who were subjected to religious ideologies of how mankind was created, they believed that the upper class was known to be “divine creatures”. However, the

An Investigation into the Enthalpies of the Combustion of Alcohols

5145 words - 21 pages An Investigation into the Enthalpies of the Combustion of Alcohols ================================================================== Planning My aim for this experiment is to see the energy produced from different alcohols. This investigation involves burning alcohol in the air. ‘GCSE Chemistry’ by B.Earl and L.D.R Wilford says that "alcohols form, another homologous series, with the general formula Cn H2n+1OH ". The alcohol reacts

The change in enthalpy for the combustion of magnesium metal

1139 words - 5 pages The change in enthalpy for the combustion of magnesium metal Abstract ======== Hess’s law of heat summation states that the value of DH for a reaction is the same whether it occurs directly or as a series of steps. This principle was used to determine the change in enthalpy for a highly exothermic reaction, the combustion of magnesium metal. Enthalpy changes for the reactions of Mg in HCl (aq) and MgO (s) in HCl (aq) were determined

The Physics of a Diesel Engine

927 words - 4 pages Engineering: [a] diesel engine is an internal combustion engine in which the chemical energy of fuel is transformed into thermal energy of the cylinder charge, in consequence of the self-ignition and combustion of fuel in the engine cylinder after compression of the air charge in the cylinder (p1 Makartchouk). There are basically two types of diesel engines, two-stroke and four-stroke. In a two-stroke engine the piston is forced from the top of

Comparing the Enthalpy Changes of Combustion of Different Alcohols

4459 words - 18 pages Comparing the enthalpy changes of combustion of different alcohols Planning What are alcohols? ================== Alcohol is the common family name for the hydrocarbon group alkanols. They are part of a homologous series. At least one of the hydrogen groups in the molecule is replaced by an OH group. GRAPH Propane Propan-2-ol They are all organic compounds. The general formulas for the alcohols are

Similar Essays

The Internal Combustion Engine Essay

852 words - 3 pages The internal combustion engine has become an integral part of the lives of every person on earth. They’re the devices that have allowed us to cross continents reliably, generate electricity in remote areas and fly around the world in a matter of hours. All these engines do is burn fuel and convert its energy into work. It’s these heat engines that have really changed the world. However the convenience they bring has come at a great cost. The

The Process Of An Internal Combustion Engine

947 words - 4 pages Process Essay Process of a 4-stroke Internal Combustion Engine A common phrase that is heard whilst growing up is "curiosity killed the cat". This phrase might be true but; "ingenuity brought the cat back". Having a mindset in which giving up is never an option has plagued most inventors of the modern day, especially a high school drop out named Nikolaus August Otto, born in 1832. Otto was responsible for the development and

Oil And The Internal Combustion Engine

1470 words - 6 pages Oil and The Internal Combustion Engine Our cars are powered by an obscure fuel source. The answer to this lies many decades or, more accurately, perhaps centuries ago. The inventors and pioneers such as Rudolf Diesel, Felix Wankel and Nikolaus Otto, would have never considered the fuel that they did if they knew the kind of political ramifications that it would have had on the world today. I propose, that due to this fuel source, the

Efficiency Of Internal Combustion Engine Essay

1285 words - 5 pages In our life, cars occupy much space. We use them many times to transport, to visit etc. The most important part for cars is engine. Engine is the main part of cars. There are many types of engine. It is generally used internal combustion engine for cars. This type engine works with gasoline, diesel and gas. People wonder that how they work, because when people look the engine, they think that it is complicated. It isn’t complicated. Some