The Evolution Of The Sonnet Essay

907 words - 4 pages

The sonnet has a major influence on literature as a whole. There were three main types of sonnets, English, Italian, and Spenserian. These three sonnets all either have different patterns or different setups. The evolution of the sonnet through history, type’s forms and analysis of sonnet 116 by William Shakespeare, sonnet 30 by Edmund Spenser and Sonnet 19 by John Milton.
Developed in Italy during the Renaissance the sonnet brought a high form of development in the fourteenth century (“A Short History of Sonnets”).A sonnet is a poem composed of fourteen lines, it usually expresses a single complete idea. The sonnet was introduced to England by Thomas Wyatt and Earl of Surrey in the ...view middle of the document...

Shakespeare’s poems where probably composed at intervals during the decade between 1590 between 1600.Shakespeare’s sonnets are completely less complex than the Italian sonnet generally breaks down into two sections. Most of Shakespeare’s sonnets are based on Renaissance themes love, time, and mutability (Magill 1164).Created by Petrarch an Italian scholar the Petrachan model was the first form of the sonnet. The Petrarchan model is applied to a form of sonnet divided into an octave surprisingly elaborate (Shaw 285). According to Deustsch,”Edmund Spenser employed a rhyme scheme which linked octave and sestet and concludes with an independent rhyme couplet”(Deutsch 165).Spenser’s patterns offer consolation to the difficult rhyme pattern of the England sonnet his sonnet also offers a wider range of thought(Deutsch 167).These three sonnets created a whole new thought of writing.
Sonnet sequences became popular among gentlemen and these poems are often written in manuscript. Magill states that “Shakespeare’s sequences are exceedingly sketchy”, scholars have even changed around Shakespeare’s poems to make these poems have an understandable plot (Magill 1164). The Shakespearean sonnet has the rhyme scheme abab, cdcd,efef,gg.This sonnet has proven to be the most flexible and adaptable form. Most deviations from the foregoing patterns have resulted from liberties taken in rhyming.(Sonnets)Shakespeare’s sonnets represented a high point of the English writing pattern. The Petrarchan sonnet has a tight rhyme scheme abba,abba,cdcdcd. (“A short history of the sonnet).Normally a definite pause is made in thought development at the end of the eighth line,...

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