The Evolution Of Weaponry Essay

1563 words - 6 pages

When we hear the word “war”, we do not typically imagine soldiers fighting their
enemies with spears, swords, or crossbows. Generally, we think of soldiers fighting with modern
guns, cannons, and other different types of firearms. However, back in the ancient times, most
soldiers only fought with various types of spears, swords, and axes. Back in these ancient times,
no one had any idea about fire arms. In fact, firearms were not even invented until the 14th
century in China, after their discovery of gunpowder in the 9th century (Firearms Tutorial,
2014.). After the discovery of gunpowder, the invention and use of fire arms exploded all
throughout the world. Over the course of our history there have been many ways and techniques
to attack our opponents such as arrows and spears, but the techniques continued to grow vastly
once gun powder was finally discovered.
In prehistoric and ancient times, we can see that the spear is one of the earliest weapons
used by man-kind. The spear has been used for as many as a hundred thousand years, and is the
most produced weapon overall (Ancient Weapons, 2011.). When soldiers would use the spear, it
was usually equipped with a round metal shield used to protect the body. Spears could be light or
heavy, long or short. Not only were spears used in battle, but they were also used for hunting
(Ancient Weapons, 2011.). Pole arms and spears became the most common and widely used type
of weapon in mostly every empires infantry.
Eventually, empires, like the Romans, began to steer away from the use of spears and
drive right into the use of iron swords, which was now their primary weapon (Roman Weapons,
2011). Along with the sword, a weapon called the javelin equipped with not a round shield, but
now a rectangular shield was used just as often. Other weapons used by the Ancient Roman
Empire include the gladius, the pilum, and the hasta. The gladius was a short type of sword used
for slashing or stabbing. The pilum was basically a heavy javelin with a long, thin, iron, neck.
The heavy shaft of the pilum was used to punch through enemy’s armor. The hasta is a long
spear about 6.5 feet long with an iron head (Roman Weapons, 2011.). Weapons used by the
Ancient Egyptian Empire include the bow, swords, axes, spears, throwing sticks, and chariots. A
throwing stick was basically a boomerang which did not come back. Throwing sticks were not
used to kill the enemy, but more a cheap weapon used to distract the enemy (Egyptian Weapons,
2011.). Weapons used by the Spartan Empire included the dory, swords, the kopis, and the old
basing shield. The dory was basically just a spear believed to be about 7 to 9 inches long,
however the length varied (Spartan Weapons.). The kopis was a hacking type weapon used more
like an axe but was in the form of a thick, curved iron sword. Different empires had slight
changes and variations of the same type of weapons like the spear and the sword. However, as
time moves...

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