The Existance Of God: Causal Vs. Contingency Arguements

1574 words - 6 pages

A cosmological argument is meant to explain the existence of the physical universe. The arguments are supposed to be sound deductive arguments, meaning that the premises lead to evidence, which prove the conclusion to be an absolute truth. The two major cosmological arguments attempt to explain the existence of God. They are the CAUSAL argument and the Contingency argument. There are few differences between the two arguments and there are problems with both. Many of the problems with one can be easily associated with the other. Since the CAUSAL argument was the first argument to exist I believe that the Contingency argument is simply an improvement of the CAUSAL argument. However, the contingency argument better explains the existence of a necessary being, God.The CAUSAL argument states that there are things that came into existence and that everything in the world that exists or has existed is caused by something else, which leads to another cause. But these causes cannot explain each other forever, and therefore there must be a first uncaused cause. This first uncaused cause is supposed to be God. The causal argument tries to demonstrate that God exists because the notion of infinity is impossible and that there must have been a beginning. This beginning is the first uncaused cause leading to the world?s existence. The Contingency argument is slightly different from the CAUSAL argument. It answers the question why is there a universe? The basis of the argument is that there is a contingent universe meaning that the universe?s existence is dependant of another being. It includes the Principle of Sufficient Reason, which states that every being or truth is either explained by itself or another truth or being. Since the universe cannot be explained by itself that there must be a necessary being that explains it. That necessary being is supposed to be God. The Contingency argument does not deny that the possibility of an infinite series of contingent being could exist, rather that since we are here there has to be a plausible explanation. However, since none of the physical world even has to exist, it must have been created by something. PSR states that there must a sufficient explanation and since we are here and our universe does exist, there must have been a necessary being which created it, God. The first premise of both arguments show what they are trying to prove, and they each differ slightly. The CAUSAL argument is trying to prove that everything in the physical world that has existed or exists has some cause for its existence. The Contingency argument attempts to demonstrate why the universe exists rather then why everything is caused. Ultimately both the arguments exist to prove the existence of God. The first premise of the CAUSAL states that there are things that came into existence. The first premise of the Contingency argument says that there is a contingent universe. The difference between these two statements is what...

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