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The Existence Of God Essay

736 words - 3 pages

Saint Aquinas defines the existence of God with the upmost clarity. Saint Anselm and William Paley attempt to tackle the existence of God but are weighed down by weaknesses within their argument. Even with Saint Anselm being a Christian theologian, he does not incorporate his personal religious beliefs into his argument. St. Anselm relies purely on logic and ontology to define what he constitutes as God, defined as a being in which nothing greater can be thought. This definition is general enough to be consistent with what various individuals establish as their “God.” Anselm uses Tinkerbell as an example to defend his thought to reality premise. Tinkerbell relies on the faith from children to believe in her existence for her to exist. For Anselm, if something is thought then in some realm, it must exist. However, St. Anselm does not address crucial arguments that deteriorate his position. The translation from thought into reality is not clear. A sole idea constructed by the mind does not establish its place in reality. Dragons are thought and even read to a child during their adolescent years however the concept of a dragon does not mean it exists in our reality. St. Anselm’s reference to Tinkerbell works in her particular case. Santa Claus is thought to be real by children, but that does not make him exist. Tinkerbell relies on children for her existence but only in a fictional sense. William Paley provides a teleological argument for the existence of God. Paley argues unlike a stone, a watch needs an intelligent creator in order to construct its complex purpose and function. Like a watch, natural processes are complex in their motives and need a creator as well. Certain things in our surroundings cannot come to be without an ultimate being producing it. Sadly, Paley fails to realize the complexity within stone as well. His argument can no longer stand firm through the contrast of just stone and a complex watch. Saint Aquinas outshines both concepts of what is defined as God. Not only does Aquinas provide one specific reason but establishes five ways to prove the existence of God. The first way uses motion to prove its cause. Many understand motion to...

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