The Existence Of Pressure Groups Makes Government More Democratic; The Activities Of Pressure Groups Also Make Democratically Elected Governments More Effective.

1762 words - 7 pages

"The existence of pressure groups makes Government more democratic; the activities of pressure groups also make democratically elected Governments more effective."People to protect or advance a shared interest, form interest or pressure groups. Political parties and groups can be large campaigning bodies, but unlike political parties who have many policy issues, groups are sectional and wish to influence government only on certain issues and policies. The variety of modern pressure groups reflects the diversity of the interests of society. There are several types of pressure group such as sectional or interest groups; these are mostly motivated, by group's members and the member's economic interests. Cause pressure groups promote an idea that is not directly related to the personal interests of its members. Peak associations are another type of interest group, which take the form of umbrella organizations and represent broad bands of similar groups. Fire brigade groups form a reaction to a specific problem and are forced to disband if and only when a problem has been solved. These are often single-issue groups. Non-political groups are known as episodic groups. These groups will only take a political stance if its interests are affected It is the aim of this essay to explore the theoretical perspectives regarding pressure groups and to assess the benefits and shortcomings of pressure groups in order to find out if pressure groups did not exist then would governments have to invent them.There are several theoretical perspectives regarding pressure or interest groups. The pluralist approach has a descriptive nature and tells us how things are and it is a normative approach in the way that it believes this is in a general manner a good way for things to be. British commentators first recognized the importance of pressure group activity in the 1950s. Following an American scholar Robert Dahl, who believed that decisions were taken in an American democracy where power was widely dispersed and shared. This was done through negotiating between the competing groups in society. In 1957, British journalist Paul Johnson said the same thing about Britain adding, "Cabinet ministers are little more than the chairmen of arbitration committees", (B, Jones.2001,Longman, P107) This pluralist approach was before long heavily criticized due to its claim that power was equally dispersed and that access to Government was open. The critics of this approach claimed that rich business interests would always exercise much greater influence and gain much better access.The theoretical perspective of Corporationalism was a development of pluralism due to it perceiving a contract of sorts taking place between the countries most powerful groups. The Government exchanged influence with the groups for their agreement to lead their members along government approved policy lines. This is highlighted by the attempts of the government to achieve agreement on a prices and incomes...

Find Another Essay On The existence of pressure groups makes Government more democratic; the activities of pressure groups also make democratically elected Governments more effective.

Political Parties and Pressure groups Essay

2074 words - 8 pages attempt to be taken into account by government. Interest groups also enable continuity of representation between elections, which enhances the participation in a democratic system. They apply scrutiny to government activity, revealing poor practice and misadministration. It is also argued that pressure groups can be detrimental to effective public policy and even to democracy itself. Societies rich can exploit them leaving those in most need of

Should governments tolerate the actions of dissident groups?

1831 words - 7 pages When debating the question, "Should governments tolerate the actions of dissident groups?" there are several points of view to consider. First you have to consider the view of the government. There are two possible points of view that apply here: the view of a democratic government, and the view of a dictatorship. Another point of view to consider is that of the people of the nation. Third, and finally, you have the point of view of the

Analyse why some US pressure groups are more successful than others in achieving their aims and objectives.

1336 words - 5 pages impact of money therefore shows how a group's funding is a major factor in determining their success, as wealthier pressure groups are often able to exercise more influence through the media and donations to, and on the behalf of political candidates.Furthermore, the idea of money also reflect the success of a pressure group as wealthy pressure groups can hire professional lobbyists to make links with members of Congress in order to try to

Pressure Groups Being Good for Democracy

928 words - 4 pages factors of pressure groups on a democracy. Positive factors of pressure groups are they are effective channels of communication between the people and the government, the groups provide detailed and valuable information on areas of economic and social activity and so help the government towards making better decisions. They will listen to the views of different people and can make a decision about what the general

The Existence of Crime Culture Among Certain Social Groups

3554 words - 14 pages that no one will get hurt and make a public show of revenge if a member is hurt or killed. Teens use drugs for many as many reasons as adults: boredom, have fun, look cool, and escape from stress or unhappiness. Peer pressure plays a huge role in drug use, children do not want excluded. Lower class children use drugs to escape the strain placed by the middle class. Drug gangs were more prevalent in the Northeast sixty percent, followed by

"The main function of religion in society is the control of weaker social groups by the more powerful."

1959 words - 8 pages overthrow the existing social structure. Another example of religion being used as a means of social change can be seen when Hindu leaders were effective in removing British rule from India by appealing to religious ideals.In conclusion it can be argued that "The main function of religion in society is the control of weaker social groups by the more powerful." This can be seen in the sociological arguments and evidence put forward by Marxists, neo

Lord of the flies more effective leader

943 words - 4 pages boys leave Ralph and join Jacks camp. While Ralph in the eyes of the reader is more effective because he's trying to get them rescued and he listens to what they have to say unlike Jacks who's a tyrant. Jack uses gratification to win over the boys while Ralph is thinking about the future. One camp is a dictatorship while the other is a democracy. In my opinion I rather have an input in how my government is being controlled, instead of having one person make decision that can either be good or bad which can cause my government to fail.

Three Characteristics of Effective Work Groups

2107 words - 8 pages The three characteristics that will be discussed in this essay are motivation, communication and leadership. This essay will relate to relevant theories and theorist that have an association to any of the characteristics. The factors will be discussed in detail to portray how they can be used efficiently to create an effective work group and also how organisations will benefit from the outcomes of each individual in the team.Groups are a crucial

The idea of radio stations having censorship makes more than

597 words - 2 pages The idea of radio stations having censorship makes more than perfect sense. If we allow radio stations to say whatever they want, than all forms of values and respect for human kind could go out the window. The day that censorship is abolished is the day that we have lost. But then again, we have already lost all sense of decency and replaced it with vulgarity, so why not just take away censorship, the one thread holding the string of humanity

How to make a leader more effective?

1147 words - 5 pages How to make a leader more effective? Everyone has met a leader either through their personal or professional life that has left an impression on them. Unfortunately more often what we remember are those that embody poor leadership skills. However, “Leadership can be thought of as a process designed to maximize the contributions of individuals for their own benefit and that of the organizations to which they belong” (Osborn, 1984, p.3, para.2

Government: Interest Groups

1159 words - 5 pages ; some may cause a gridlock in government II. Group Theory A. group theory: explains the context in which interest groups develop B. Three kinds of group activity and examples of each® 1. Pluralism: suggests a centrist position results because there is far more reaching and balancing group representation ® competing groups are healthy b/c it provides choice ® competition prevents

Similar Essays

The Effects Of Pressure Groups On The Government

2126 words - 9 pages The Effects of Pressure Groups on the Government Before deciding whether pressure groups democratise government or make them more effective, it is essential to define what a pressure groups consists of. A modern democratic society involves active citizenship, an open government, the right to vote over the age of 18 years, community, free speech, participation and pluralism. Although elections provide an effective

The Effects Of Pressure Groups On The Government

3205 words - 13 pages but people prefer to do very little in public interest groups as opposed to very little in political parties.[1] People prefer pressure groups as they have more chances to involve themselves in politics. They have a chance to protest, petition and lobby which is all part of a healthy democratic society. The term “pressure group” is a broad term; so political commentator Wyn Grant makes the distinction between insider

The Influence Of Pressure Groups On The Government

2706 words - 11 pages objectives with that of the government. Compatibility – of the groups objectives with public sympathies. Track record – of giving good advice. Possession of powerful sanctions – if a group has the ability to seriously affect society through withdrawal of their services their interests may be viewed more sympathetically. (Jones, 2004, p239) Governments recognise the usefulness of pressure groups as a valuable source of

Pressure Groups Essay

2149 words - 9 pages reminds that according to Tocqueville, United-States is half way between a democracy and a civil society (1995). To understand this statement, it is necessary to know that a civil society designate all the groups and organisations which play a political role in parallel of the elected government (Wyn Grant, 1999, p. 130). Therefore there are different sorts of democracies in which pressure groups play a more or less important part and are not