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The Costs And Consequences Of American Empire.

1335 words - 5 pages

Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American EmpireBy, Chalmers JohnsonChalmers Johnson in his book, Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire, analyses chronically the effects of foreign policies the United States pursued during the Cold War and into the present day. He especially considers the social and economic ramifications of military and diplomatic policies the United States implemented in East Asia.He challenges the ways in which the United States foreign policies approaches the world, and in particular, he criticizes the Pentagon's role in promoting militaristic solutions to complicated regional problems. Johnson calls for a total reassessment of American national interests and foreign policies. He warns that the failure of the United States to reexamine and alter its outdated policies will lead to blowback, or unintended and harmful consequences, for the American people, businesses, and ultimately, global position.One day after the horrific event of September 11,2001 President George W. Bush told the American people that we were attacked because we are "a beacon for freedom" and because the attackers were "evil," and in his address to Congress on September 20, he said, "This is civilization's fight." This attempt to define difficult-to-grasp events as only a conflict over abstract values- as a "clash of civilizations." The American public for decades has been kept in the dark about American Foreign Policies and it's consequences. The intention of the suicidal assassins of September 11, 2001, was not attacking America or American civilians, as our political leaders and the news media like to maintain, it was more a desperate retaliation attack towards American foreign policy, or as the CIA would call it Blowback.What is Blowback?The term "Blowback" was first used by the CIA in March 1954 in a recently declassified report on the 1953 operation to overthrow the government of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran. (1) Blowback as Johnston describes in his book is "unintended consequences of American policies kept secret from the American people. (2) Blowback has become a term of art acknowledging that the unconstrained, often illegal, invariably secret acts of the "last remaining superpower" in other people's countries can result in retaliation against innocent American citizens. (3) Simply another way Johnston describes it is, "a nation reaps what it sows." (4)Seeds of Destruction: U.S. PoliciesJohnson's area of expertise is East Asia, were he chronically outlines the consequences of American policies during the Cold War entangled Japan, the Koreas, and China in a permanent Cold War-era rubric that has not been altered in the ten years since the fall of the Soviet Union. Evidence has build up that in the decade following the end of the Cold War; the United States seriously misread the nature of the world and the role of the United States in it. Instead of leading through diplomacy and attempting to set a good example, it has...

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