This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Extent To Which The Study Of Management Is Scientific

3417 words - 14 pages

The Extent to Which the Study of Management is Scientific

To what extent is the study of Management scientific?

If it is not a science, then what is it?


It is broadly agreed that certain aspects of management study are
perfectly scientific, for example computer and mathematical solutions
to management problems subject to quantitative constraints. This essay
however, is mainly concerned with management study within an
organisational behaviour context; it argues that many theories
outlining human responses to management policy are unscientific, and
those which do follow scientific methodology produce results with
limited applications.

The aims of management study will firstly be discussed, with a
consideration of what constitutes scientific research, and how a
scientific nature helps achieve these aims. A management policy which
aims to scientifically measure the success of management strategies
will then be evaluated. The main body of the essay evaluates two types
of management approaches, those which focus on productivity levels and
the formal organisation, and those which take a more holistic view by
taking into account human factors and the informal organisation as
well. Finally, a case study known as the ‘Hawthorne research’ has
been used to support the assertions made above, as the findings relate
to both scientific and observational studies.

The study of management

The development of management theory began in the late nineteenth
century, with the emergence of large industrial organisations, and the
ensuing problems associated with their structure and management. It
was hoped that the management theories devised would be able to
improve organisational functioning whilst improving the quality of
life of those who work in organisations (Mullins, 1999:52).

The management theories which will be most useful to organisations are
those which are scientific in nature, i.e. those studies where a
causal relationship can be established between two variables.
Scientific research allows changes to the independent variable to be
objectively linked to changes in a dependant variable. For example, in
a natural science such as chemistry it can be observed that combining
certain chemicals always gives certain products. The results will
never change. This constitutes reliable research; the product created
will always be the same if the study is repeated. It also valid
research, the cause has been firmly established. The same principle
can be applied to management studies. If they always yield similar
results, theories will be extremely valuable to organisations as
opposed to theories which yield inconsistent results and will not
always provide a solution to business problems.

MBO: A scientific means of evaluating management strategies?

One attempt to...

Find Another Essay On The Extent to Which the Study of Management is Scientific

Extent to which the child is the central image in Macbeth

2290 words - 9 pages blood and darkness seem to hold most significance to the plot and to the themes. However, it is only with detailed reading that the image of the child is recognised as being profoundly significant. On first reading, the image of the child may not even be considered, but through meticulous study, this image may become more prominent and prove to be the pivot on which Macbeth’s character swings, it also provides the dynamic which drives the plot

‘The increasing application of Scientific Management principles of work organisations to services is, despite its limitations, inevitable and irreversible’. Discuss

1997 words - 8 pages Essay on organisational behavior within companies -'The increasing application of Scientific Management principles of work organisations to services is, despite its limitations, inevitable and irreversible'. Discuss.___________MScAdam Cossey(c)'The increasing application of Scientific Management principles of work organisations to services is, despite its limitations, inevitable and irreversible'. Discuss.I IntroductionFrom the outset of this

The Extent to Which Macbeth is Portrayed as a Tragic Hero in Macbeth by William Shakespeare

4007 words - 16 pages The Extent to Which Macbeth is Portrayed as a Tragic Hero in Macbeth by William Shakespeare A Shakespearean tragic hero according to Aristotle is usually a prominent figure, who happens to have distinctive flaws in their personality. Because of these flaws, and to a certain extent the influence of external force and or an ‘evil’ antagonist the character will experience a fall from prominence that will eventually lead to

The study of history has value only to the extent that it is relevant to our daily lives

680 words - 3 pages To state that the study of history is only valuable if it is relevant to our daily lives is to ignore the value that history has beyond the day-to-day activities of human beings. It would seem to be a rather shallow statement that implies that humans only live just to survive rather than planning for the futures of their children and the environment.First of all, to study history is to look at a road map of human behavior that has led us to

"To What Extent Is Ralph Bunche's Vision For The International System The Best Benchmark By Which We Should Measure The Effectiveness Of The United Nations Today"

1105 words - 4 pages heart and soul in preventing the past from repeating itself. Because of this Bounce's vision of how the U.N should function is and should be valued greatly.Bunche in his Nobel lecture acknowledges the fact that fighting for peace in a world where man has made steady progress, in scientific fields, has harnessed nature and has developed great civilizations. But has never learned to live with himself is really tough but the U.N cannot afford to give

Discuss the extent to which trade theory can be used to explain the competitiveness of locations

3091 words - 12 pages identified as hindering sustainable growth of the country. Foreign competition and global standards requirements, together with the opportunity to enter the global market have challenged the country to find ways in which producers can cooperate to build competitiveness. The current strategy of the Vietnam is based on basic comparative advantages and selling fruit at low cost with low profit margins. To strengthen its competitiveness against

Assess the extent in which Euripides' tragedy 'The Trojan Women' is a reflection of the change in attitude to Athens' involvement in the Peloponnesian War

1769 words - 7 pages to its own times…Thedistance in time and space and the cast of appropriate heroic characters in no way reduce the power of the text to challenge and disturb.”The strongest political allusion identified with ‘The Trojan Women’ is the destruction of the Island of Melos in 416 B.C – within a year of the play’s performance. Following a siege and conquering of the neutral Dorian island of Melos, the Athenian Assembly

The Extent to Which Voting by Ethnic Minorities Reflects the Voting Behaviour of the Whole Electorate

1009 words - 4 pages The Extent to Which Voting by Ethnic Minorities Reflects the Voting Behaviour of the Whole Electorate In present day there are currently 12 ethnic minority MP’s in parliament, all of who belong to the Labour party. Ethnic minority groups tend to be part of the immigrant population and so are more likely to belong to the working class and so have a stronger party identification with labour. This can be shown in the 1997

Assess the Extent to Which the Activities of Political Parties Enhance Democracy (in the UK)

1271 words - 5 pages Today in Britain, as in many Western countries, we have a representative democracy. This is generally viewed as opportunities for participation for the electorate in the form of general elections where they vote for a representative for their constituency. The winning party (the party with the most representatives in parliament) then forms a government that is accountable to the electorate for its actions; if the party makes unpopular moves then

A Scientific Study of the Lactase Enzyme

2120 words - 9 pages . For the second experiment we predicted that pH 7 would be optimal for lactase function. For the third experiment we predicted that 25°C with milk and lactase would contain the highest glucose concentration, this is because they are close to the natural environment of the lactase in which enzymes function. Section 2: Materials and Methods A. Lactase Enzyme Specificity: The materials used for this lab includes: 4 tests tubes, a micropipette, 2 ml

Scientific Management v The Hierarchy of Needs

2170 words - 9 pages companies and rewarding production is impractical. As readers would be aware, that during Taylor?s research, his work encountered problems and it did not run as smoothly as he would have wished, according to ([9] L. Urwick & E F L Brech, The making of Scientific Management, Volume II, pg12) ?Every problem of scientific management sprung from industrial problems?. Maslow?s hierarchy is not a system which management can adopt to motivate their staff

Similar Essays

Consider The Extent To Which The Making Of Social Policy Is A Pluralistic Process

1201 words - 5 pages points of the essay presented and toke a particular position to express some of my opinions. Main Body First of all ‘social policy entails the study of the social relations necessary for human wellbeing and the systems by which wellbeing may be promoted’ (Dean, 2006: 1). A more explicit description is that social policy is a policy that deals with various social issues. Such issues may involve cultures, discrimination against race and

Extent To Which The United States Is Affected

908 words - 4 pages systems that would broaden “the range of KAMD to cover not only the Korean Peninsula, but also Okinawa and Guam,” which would required South Korea to initiate upper-tier systems – something it was reluctant to engage in to not spark a fall-out with China. It is clear from the 2010 incident that although China and South Korea benefit from stability in the region they have stark approaches to achieve their aims. In the long-term, China is likely

Scientific Advancements To The Study And Treatment Of Cancer

1285 words - 6 pages mummies, and human manuscripts found remains of cancerous tumors on the bones. The definition of cancer is many out-of-control cells growing rapidly non- stop, eventually start to invade other tissues in the body as well as organs in the body. Today many scientific advancements have been made related to both in the study of cancer and treatments. One of the first famous surgeons in the eighteen-century to make a great improvement in oncology was

The Nature/Nurture Controversy And The Extent To Which An Individuals Intellectual Level Is Determined

2450 words - 10 pages influence development." ( Wachs , 1983, p. 386). This paper will focus on the nature/nurture controversy and the extent to which an individuals intellectual level is determined either by inborn intelligence or by environmental factors. The relative powers of nature and nurture have been actively pursed by psychologists and biologists striving to determine how heredity and environment influence the development of intelligence. Before we can go on to