The Causes And Results Of The Vietnam War Were Those Of A Post Colonial Situation Rather Than Of The Cold War. How Far Is This True From The Period From 1953 80?

1986 words - 8 pages

The Vietnam WarThe causes and results of the Vietnam War were those of a post-colonial situation rather than of the Cold War. How far is this true from the period from 1953-80?Aboud Al-AliAs one sets out to observe the underlying causes responsible for the outbreak of the Vietnam War, we notice that it could have a been a result of two main factors which are the Postcolonial situation in Vietnam and the Cold War which had contributed to the tension and animosity between countries and ideologies. However, unlike most American wars the Vietnam War had no fixed beginning. Through incremental steps from 1950 to 1965 the United States entered into this long lasting and destructive war. Studying the era of the war, it is clear to us that this was a result of a bit of both, the Cold War and the postcolonial situation, were together they have contributed to the outburst of the Vietnam War.Vietnam had been struggling with conflicts and disagreements for a long time prior to the involvement of the U.S. The French had taken control of the country and created Indochina, which, included countries like Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos, all put under the French colonial rule. The South Vietnamese were not satisfied with this situation and thus they developed the Viet Minh in order to free themselves from the French control. The communist North's were invading the south and little efforts were put against that from the French. This minimal reaction instigated the United States financial aid efforts to France and their involvement in the struggle only heightened the tension in Vietnam. The U.S. sent financial aid to France to help them eliminate the communist threat, as they had always feared the spread of communism on a worldwide scale and took endless measures such as, the policy of containment to stop the movement. The United States were eager about this issue as they had a certain belief in the "Domino Theory" which follows the idea that if one Southeast Asia fell into Communism, then the surrounding countries would soon follow their footsteps. This division between the North and South Vietnamese created various problems within the country itself and thus, we see the French post colonialism begin to play its role in the war.In North Vietnam, The National Liberation Front, also known as Vietcong was developed. It was a guerilla group who supported the communist North Vietnamese and opposed the Diem rule in the South. At first the United States attention was diverted from Vietnam to other foreign affairs, but with the threat of communism taking over all of Indochina, the U.S. gradually was pulled into the conflict through the French colonialism.Although, the Cold War did have a great effect on the world and its relations after 1945, a new dilemma was appearing. The five century long European domination of Non-European countries had been coming to an end as more and more countries were emerging from the European Colonialism. The post-colonial situation in the country...

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