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The Factors Associated With Adolescent Depression

1974 words - 8 pages

The Factor Associated with Adolescent Depression By Crystal Zymantas Depression in youth is viewed as a significant problem that affects approximately 30% of the adolescent population (Lewinsohn, Hops, Roberts, Seeley, & Andrew) in the journal done by (McWhirter, McWhirter, & Gat 1996). It has been noted that nearly 17 million Canadians suffer from feelings of depression and twice as many women are affected (Fairbanks Psychiatric & Neurological Clinic 1998-2000). Depression is currently ranked fourth as a leading cause of disability afflicting people in the United States and around the world. By 2020 it will move up to rank second (Hart 1998). The article done by Hart (1998), found that the lifetime prevalence of major depressive disorder in adolescents is 15-20% and 2% during childhood, and found that 7-9% of children would experience an episode of major depression before the age 14 and as many as 20% before leaving school. In the United Stated it has been found that roughly up to 2.5% of children and up to 8.3% of adolescents suffer from depression (National Institute of Mental Health 1999).The symptoms, which are associated with depression, (which usually last anywhere from two to four weeks)(Franklin 2000) are; feelings of anxiety, loss of sleep, sleeping a lot during the day, the reluctance to leave bed, loss of appetite, loss of motivation, sadness and physical aches. These are just a few of many symptoms (Alexander 1999). The question then becomes what causes adolescents to become depressed. It is believed that the father/mother relationship and research indicates that the environment the child grows up in and as well as the genetic (chemical imbalances). In addition the factor of gender and age that influences the role of depression. It has been especially noted that the emotion a girl goes through during puberty contributes to some degree of depression (Silberg, Pickles, Rutter, Hewitt, Simonoff, Maes, Carbonneau, Murrell, Foley, Eaves 1999).Before I begin discussing these factors associated with depression. I want to give some idea of what it is like to for adolescents to suffer from depression. Adolescents and anyone, who has suffered from depression, may have had the feeling that they are climbing up a mountain, but instead of going up the mountain they go down the mountain, with the feeling that they will never be able to go up. In the article be Azimi (1999); he stated that adolescents with depression have this negative outlook of the world, which in return sends a negative signal to their peers. Adolescents find it very difficult to keep up with social gatherings and keep intimate relationships with both parents as well as a significant other (Lasko, Field, Gonzalez, Harding, Yando, and Bendell 1996).There is no doubt that the father/mother relationship and the child's environment that she/he grows up in are contributing factors with adolescent depression. There have been many studies conducted with depression that have...

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