The Causes Of Poverty And Inequality

1866 words - 7 pages

When we often talk about the Global North and the Global South, the 'global north' refers to highly industrialised and wealthy states, most of them which are located in the northern hemisphere, Australia and New Zealand are exceptional. The 'global south' refers to poor states that depend mostly on agricultural and minority on industrialises. These states are located in the Southern Hemisphere and they tend to have brown skins, where as the global north are mostly light skins. There are four major group different between north and south global; politics, technology, wealth and demograhical. It is obvious to all that some countries much poorer than others. How has this come about? Will it change the future?To understand how the Global South countries today are attempting to survive in the world of the powerful of Global North, we need to begin by taking back to the time of the colonialism and imperialism of those territory were conquer by the European. According to Ander Gunder has argued that the colonised world, at the beginning of the colonisation period was much wealthier than the coloniser;"The Europeans did not in any sense 'create' either the world economic system itself nor 'capitalism'. Europe itself was not a first rank power nor an economic core region during the three centuries. The core regions, especially of industrial production, were in China and India; and West Asia and South-east Asia also remain economically more important than Europe...Using GNP estimates by Bairroch, still in 1750 Asia has a GNP of $ 120 billion (in 1960 US dollars) while all the 'West', meaning Europe and the America but also including Russia and Japan, had a GNP before the industrial revolution of only $ 35 billion.The first wave of European used their military power began building their empire through out the world. The merchants followed and quickly increase their business and profit during their government's conquered. "Commercial company were chattered and financed, with military and naval expedition frequently sent out after them to ensure political control of overseas territories"(Charles W: 2002). Some colonised countries were quiet wealthy, however wealth tend to be reduced during colonisation period. Most colonisers concentrated on getting raw material from the colonies but not much developed. The third world was seen as a source of raw material, and they were depending on the sale of these sources. However there was some development in education and infrastructure. The English was considering morally than other coloniser such as; French, Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish. When the English returned land to its colonise there were something left behind like language, railways...The time between 1600 and 1800 continental Asia absorbed at least 32 thousand of silver from the America via Europe, 3 thousand tons via Manila and 10 thousand tons from Japan. The total at least 43 percent of 116 thousand tons of the world production. (Andre Gunder: 1995). The...

Find Another Essay On The causes of poverty and inequality

Causes of American Poverty and Possible Solutions

1551 words - 6 pages Poverty is not a simple issue. You cannot ask a question about poverty and get one universal response. There are many conflicting ideas about what poverty is, and more importantly, where it comes from. The make-up of American society shows that so much in life can depend on one’s family. Having opportune circumstances can land people jobs, but having the opposite can also perpetuate the depression and reality of poverty for others. When people

Causes of Poverty in the United States

2271 words - 9 pages Causes of Poverty in the United States The United States defines poverty for a family of four as being less than $16,036 per year, or $4,009 per person (Leone 12). People find themselves under this line for an innumerable amount of reasons. Some of these causes are under one's control and others are greater factors beyond an individual's power. Each family or individual person has unique and separate reasons for living in a state poverty

The Causes of Poverty - Cultural vs. Structural

2578 words - 10 pages structural barriers have diminished, cultural concepts such as laissez-faire racism (Wilson 2009:16) and the “othering” of the poor or nonwhites, and framing such as the criminalization of poverty (Wacquant 2008) allow for discrimination and inequality to continue in various forms. Cultural Factors and Individual Agency Agency is essentially the ability to make behavioral choices. Harding argued that behaviors and attitudes are a result of

Poverty and Inequality in El Salvador

1918 words - 8 pages The poverty and inequality that has plagued El Salvador since the early twentieth century stems from their rule by the Oligarchy, which dates back to colonial times. The Oligarchy's lack of consistency in implementing and following through with reforms has prevented progress from occurring in the country. Furthermore, the many wars and political revolts in El Salvador impeded its economic and social growth. The main focus of the Oligarchy was to

Causes of Poverty and Effects on Life Opportunities

1980 words - 8 pages Causes of Poverty and Effects on Life Opportunities According to Reutter, Veenstra, Stewart, Raphael, Love, Makwarimba, and McMurray (2005 p. 518), “Affordable housing was deemed especially difficult to obtain by 96%, but other resources (obtaining healthy food, giving children a good start in life, and engaging in healthy behaviours) were also viewed as challenging by at least 70% of respondents.”. Poverty has now become of the biggest

The Causes of Poverty in the Developing World

688 words - 3 pages tobacco are grown to sell to the developed world. Many people in LDC¡¦s are starving because land is used to grown cash crops instead of food. World poverty concerns us all as we depend on each other. For example, if we want the Sudanese to grow cotton for our clothes, we must make sure they have enough food to survive on. The causes of poverty in the modern world Here are three new and worrying causes of poverty: „h The World markets

Development Economics: What are the main causes of poverty?

2470 words - 10 pages because if governments spend less on health and education and on infrastructure there will be fewer jobs provided and less skilled people hence national income will decrease as there will be unemployment and an increase in poverty.Overall, corruption causes more poverty because of poor governance and also the government stimulates more income inequality due to bribery and less GNP per capita as there is less education to provide skills and

Economic Globalization and What the Government Can do about Poverty and Inequality through Jobs and Wages

1228 words - 5 pages It is sometimes argued that economic globalization has made it difficult or impossible for governments to do anything about poverty and inequality, because of unrestricted taxes and regulations would discourage work, drive up the cost of goods produced, invite low-wage imports, and provoke capital to flee abroad seeking higher profits. This is said to produce a “race to the bottom” of governments abandoning democratic programs. Our

IMPACT OF POOR GOVERNANCE AND INCOME INEQUALITY ON POVERTY IN PAKISTAN

2341 words - 9 pages There is widespread poverty in Pakistan and the two main reasons are poor governance and income inequality. Few studies have focused on the theoretical substantiation of impact of bad governance and income inequality on poverty, but we do not find any study carrying empirical work on the impact of bad governance on poverty in Pakistan. This study is an empirical research that attempts to find out the long run and short run impact of poor

Impact of Poor Governance and Income Inequality on Poverty in Pakistan

1657 words - 7 pages that those policies that decrease corruption will also be helpful in reducing income inequality as well as poverty. Hoeven (2002) is of the view that decline in income inequality coupled with stellar economic growth is desirable for poverty alleviation. Ali and Tahir (1998) tried to find out if the long run change in poverty was due to economic growth or income distribution. Their results showed that “one percent increase in income while

Evaluating the View that Poverty is Caused by Economic Inequality Rather than Cultural Attitudes and Lifestyles

2000 words - 8 pages Townsend stated that poverty is part of the class inequality created by the labour market in capitalist economies. He argued that most of the groups in poverty are either excluded from the labour market (for example, the elderly, unemployed and long-term sick) or are in a weak position in the labour market, (for example, unskilled, ethnic minorities, and females). Townsend stated that poverty is closely related to class and

Similar Essays

The Causes Of Poverty And Inequality

1984 words - 8 pages their problem is our problem. We should shipping buckets full of cash to the third world instead of take in to account the problem.The global poverty and inequality has exist through out most period in the history, but today level of differences between the rich and poor are widening. The third world's economic is backward and the first world are gaining prosperity because of unequal distribution of sources; The resources have taken out of the third

Poverty And Inequality Essay

806 words - 4 pages Have you ever wondered what it’s like to live in poverty? No proper food, shelter or even clean water. And have you ever stopped for a moment and thought about how inequality and separation has affected the world? Everyone is born different yet we still treat each other differently because of our race, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexuality. Poverty and Inequality has been one of the world’s major concerns. The rich are getting richer and the

Poverty And Inequality Essay

1851 words - 7 pages interpretive theories view poverty and inequality in different ways, but both on the basis of social construction. In these theories, things have meanings only on what we designate them to mean, without definitions they wouldn’t exist. Both race and gender are social constructs that in this modern world often work interchangeably through the social realm. Society and the social realm are under constant negotiation and change. While often forgotten race

Causes And Solutions Of World Poverty

1142 words - 5 pages Causes and Solutions of World Poverty Poverty is prevalent throughout the world around us. We watch television and see famous people begging us to sponsor a child for only ten dollars a month. We think in our own minds that ten dollars is only pocket change, but to those children and their families, that ten dollars is a large portion of their annual income. We see images of starving children in far away countries, and our hearts go out to