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The Factors That Affect Mathematics In A Group Of Grade Five Students In A Rural School: Theory

1089 words - 4 pages

Vygotsky (1978) supports the view that children’s academic performance is not influenced through cognition only but by their social world as well. He posits that children learn through adult interaction and the family is a social agent that helps to provide this type of interaction which influences academic performance. Coleman (1996) attributes half of the variance in academic achievement to family life. Regardless of family types parents should stay involved with children’s education to help them maximize their academic achievement or performance.One should be aware of the importance of parental involvement in a student’s academic performance. As cited by, Boyer, and Olmscheid, (1999), many studies have clearly demonstrated that family involvement encourages student achievement or other positive behaviours and attitudes that increase success in school. Pape, (1999) agrees that when parents or families are involved in their children's education, children not only perform better in school, but schools improve as well.In contrast to these theories Mullis (2004), states that if a child desires to learn, nothing will be able to deter him from doing so. He believes that the internal motivation is more dominant in the process of learning than is parental involvement.While the researcher can agree with Mullis that internal motivation drives a child to want more, one cannot detour from the fact that parental involvement according to Boyer, and Olmscheid encourages student achievement or other positive behaviours and attitudes that increase success in school.Douglas (1960), gives a trademark view of Motivation based on the assumption that:1.The average person inherently dislikes work and will avoid it if at all possible.2.As a result, most people have to be coerced, controlled and threatened if they are to put in enough effort to achieve the organization’s goals.3.In fact the average person prefers to be directed, avoids responsibility, isn't ambitious and simply seeks security.It therefore necessary that as teachers we motivate our students so as obtain their best performance. Herzberg (2001), researched the work-related motivations, and discovered that when motivational factors are present such as achievement, advancement, recognition, responsibility and incentives work will improve .Marckwardt (2000) describes motivation as an energy change with the person that is characterized by affective arousal and anticipatory goal reactions. Motivation has an intrinsic and extrinsic component. Karoly (1993) determines that motivation is the essential difference between an achiever and non-achiever. He supports this views that motivation is a bridge between learning and performance.One can agree with Karoly who believes that motivation is the essential difference between an achiever and non-achiever. When students are motivated they strive to perform. The researcher wishes to add that material incentives are good motivational factors. This is...

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