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The Fail Of California's Proposition 19

779 words - 4 pages

Cannabis, also known as Marijuana, has been used by humans throughout history for medical, recreational, as well as spiritual purposes. Its fiber, oil, and seed are also refined into products such as hemp oil, wax, rope, cloth, and paper (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2013, para. 1). With 56% voters overwhelming supported for medical cannabis, California became the first state in the United States to pass Prop 215 in 1996 ensuring the patients and their primary caregivers to “have the right to obtain and use marijuana for medical purpose” (California Department of Public Health, 2013, Text of Law section, para. 1).
Right after the U.S. Department of Justice announced in March 2009 that ...view middle of the document...

Background
The use of marijuana fiber has been discovered by archeologists dated back over 10,000 years ago in an ancient village in China (Spicer, 2002, para. 6), and the first surviving record indicating the use of marijuana as medicine goes back as far as 2700 BC (CNN, 2008, para. 1).
Federal Laws
Marihuana Tax Act of 1937. The first federal law passed to regulate and impose excise tax to the sale of marijuana.
Controlled Substances Act (1970). The act became federal U.S. drug policy to regulate manufacturing, importation, possession, use and distribution of marijuana as well as other controlled substances.
Based on Controlled Substances Act of 1970, United States currently still classifies marijuana as Schedule I drug that “[has] high potential for abuse, [has] no medical use, and [is] not safe to use without medical supervision”. After states of Colorado and Washington passed laws for recreational use of marijuana, the Department of Justice (DOJ) issued a memorandum for all United State attorneys regarding an update to its federal marijuana enforcement policy that DOJ has identified eight enforcement areas where federal prosecutors should prioritize for
• preventing the distribution of marijuana to minors;
• preventing revenue from the sale of marijuana from going to criminal enterprises, gangs, and cartels;
• preventing the diversion of marijuana from states where it is legal under state law...

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