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The Failed Invaion Of Cuba Essay

929 words - 4 pages

Cuba The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of negligence, overconfidence, as well as lack of security. The responsibility for the failure of the operation falls straightforwardly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion reasoned an increase in tension between the two great superpowers and paradoxically 34 years later than the event, the person that the invasion intended to overthrow, Fidel Castro, is still in power. The Bay of Pigs invasion was an effort by American-backed Cuban exiles to cause the downfall of the Communist government of Fidel Castro. The plan for the invasion had in fact been Richard Nixon's, however President Eisenhower and the CIA took it from there, forming it into a plan, titled "A Program of Covert Action Against the Castro Regime". It took place earlier than the official breakdown of Cuban/American relations. Signs of wear and tear in the relations had been obvious earlier as well. When John Kennedy succeeded Eisenhower as the president, he agreed and made some amendments in the plan. The invasion was performed by trained Cuban exiles just about 1300 with American weapons landed in the Bay of Pigs. It was expected that the exiles would get support of the local population as they went to Havana. It began on April 17, 1961, at 2:00 in the morning. The area around the Bay of Pigs is swampy as well as marshy, so it was noticeable that the troops would have trouble. Castro's military forces were quick to act in response, and almost immediately his T-33 trainer jets, two Sea Furies, and two B-26s were sent out to halt the invaders. After the first hours of fighting, it was obvious that the American-backed exiles would not defeat Castro. Even though Kennedy had the choice of involving the U.S. Air Force, he decided not. The exiles were stopped by Castro's army, and by April 19, two days later than the starting of the operation, ninety had been killed. President Kennedy was extremely embarrassed by the failure of the operation, and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev took the failure as an indication of weak point in the new president. Castro, on the other hand, was suspicious, sure that the Americans would make one more attack in opposition to his government. The Kennedy administration and the CIA were held responsible for the failure. As a result the plan most likely failed for the reason that of mismanagement, impudence, possibly lack of security and poor implementation. Kennedy was as well subject to criticism as he did not bring in the air force for support. The Bay of Pigs invasion was...

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