This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Failure Of The League Of Nations And The Outbreak Of War In 1939

1401 words - 6 pages

The Failure of the League of Nations and the Outbreak of War in 1939

There are many causes for the outbreak of the Second World War. These
include the failure of the League of Nations, the Treaty of
Versailles, Hitler's actions and so on. Some of them are more
important then others and are mostly linked with another cause.

The failure of the League of Nations was one of the main reasons for
the outbreak of war. It exposed weaknesses which encouraged Hitler to
invade. The League had failed to resolve the major political disputes.
There were a number of such incidents but the most important ones were
the Manchurian Crisis, 1931 and the Abyssinian Crisis, 1935. In 1931,
the members of the League failed to take decisive action when Japan
invaded Manchuria. The League did not apply sanctions because without
America (Japan's main trading partner) it would not have had much
effect. Member nations were unwilling to contribute troops to a League
of Nations force, so the League had no effective way of compelling
other countries to accept its decisions. Britain was also more
interested in maintaining good relations with Japan. Countries could
not even agree on banning arm sales to Japan as they were worried that
Japan would retaliate. Their self-interest meant that that did not
want to risk their own armies against Japan. Only the USA or the USSR
would have to resources to remove the Japanese from Manchuria but
there were not members of the League. In 1935 Mussolini (Italy)
invaded Abyssinia and overthrew the Emperor Haile Selassie. Italy was
condemned by the League as the aggressor. The League applied economic
sanctions but members were reluctant to enforce the ban with regard to
the sale of oil. In the end the sanctions were removed and the League
suffered a blow from this - when Hitler threatened Czechoslovakia in
1938 the crisis was resolved outside the League.

The League of Nations was established after World War One to keep
peace, one of its functions was to uphold the Treaty of Versailles.
This led a lot of people to feel that the League is a force
representing the winners of the First World War against the Germans.
This made people to connect it with the harshness of the Treaty and so
led to a lack of trust in the League of Nations. For example the
Germans were bitter that they had to accept the total blame for
starting the war and hated the fact they had to pay reparations of
£6,600,000,000 and didn't want anything that stood for it.

Hitler saw all these weaknesses of the League and believed that if he
invaded a country the League would be unable to stop him. This was a
very important reason because if Hitler thought he had powerful
oppositions, he might not have started war.

Versailles was the peace treaty made at the end of the First World War
and another cause of the...

Find Another Essay On The Failure of the League of Nations and the Outbreak of War in 1939

Which was more important as a reason for the failure of the League of Nations in the 1930's? The absence of the USA or Britain and France's self interest

574 words - 2 pages The failure of the League of Nations in the 1930's was due to two main reasons.Firstly, the absence of the USA. The League of Nations was thought up by the American president Woodrow Wilson it was one of his 14 points. He had come up with the idea, the League was in a sense his child, yet he was allowed no part in it. The American congress had refused to become members of The League and this caused all sorts of problems. America had the biggest

The League Of Nations Essay

752 words - 4 pages answer to the League's problems. However these countries did not join and again this contributed the failure of the league, as non-members, they could and did trade with countries facing League sanctions and therefore to a certain extent it was in their own interests to remain detached from such a commitment as the League. Another problem for the League however, was that it was being too closely linked to the victors of the First World War and the

The League of Nations

1292 words - 5 pages The League of Nations was created during the conference in Versailles, France, 1919, when Woodrow Wilson, the president of United States came up with fourteen points. The League of Nations was a point of Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points. It was created to stop wars by working out the problems with each other, to improve the world, to get rid of weapons, and to enforce the Treaty of Versailles. The League of Nations wasn't welcomed in the United

The League of Nations

1569 words - 6 pages The League of Nations was set up by Woodrow Wilson and his 14 points, countries around the world decided to join while others didn't for there reasons. Other countries did join but were doing things for example, Italy invading Abyssinia and the L of N knew about it, but failed to do anything about it. In my essay, there are a number of questions asked and I will be answering them with detail, explaining them and giving my own views on them. The

The League of Nations

680 words - 3 pages At The treaty of Versailles, Woodrow Wilson, president of the USA gave 14 points to settle world peace, even though some of his points were rejected, the most important one which consisted of creating a 'League of Nations' was accepted. The League was formed on 1920, the aims of the League where to maintain peace and security in the world by countries acting together to stop war, this was called collective security. Some of the world powers were

What events, from 1937 to 1939, led to the outbreak of war in 1939, and how did war spread between 1937 and 1941?

969 words - 4 pages part of Germany on 13 March 1938. This event led to the outbreak of war because Hitler blatantly defied the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations did nothing to stop him. This, in turn, increased Hitler's confidence and encouraged him to continue his aggressive actions and breaking the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.The Munich Crisis led to the outbreak of war in 1939. In 1938 Hitler demanded the Sudetenland, although this was forbidden

To what extent was Hitler responsible for the outbreak of the second world war in 1939 ?

1716 words - 7 pages World war two taking place in 1939 is a turning point in history. The war happened because of a combination of multiple factors. The growth of different forms of totalitarianism, the harshness of the Treaty of Versailles, the policies of nations, the world economic crisis and the failure of appeasement were the major causes.World war one from the beginning till the end engendered many transformations of the world. The outcomes were spectacularly

The purpose and intent of the League of Nations - Essay

540 words - 2 pages intent was to maintain a good relationship between all nations, and maintain harmony through their imposing power.The League of Nations was undoubtedly designed for the purpose of preventing another major scale war, or 'world war'. It set to go about this by uniting many of the major powers of the world to form an international framework. The League would be in a sense the judge of the world's disputes and settle matters peacefully without the

The successes and failures of the League of Nations

1562 words - 6 pages Germany agreed to settle further disputes through the League.These agreements appeared to resolve many of the unfixed problems lingering from World War I.During the 1920s, the League of Nations was successful in bringing about collective security and peace to the international community. This was done through managing conflicts between countries, initialising treaties and agreements, and solving social and economic problems around the world.The

Assess the Significance of the League Nations

2139 words - 9 pages future universal intergovernmental organization. Some say the league of nations had no direct significance and deem it an ultimate failure while others claim its indirect significance is the creation of the United Nations. As the first intergovernmental system, the league of nations tackled the complications derived as a result of the first world war. The aftermath of the first world war had left many territorial disputes. In 1920, the League

Ghost of the League of Nations

593 words - 2 pages factors that led the League of Nations to failure would be its powers and "General Assembly". The League of Nations had 60 countries as members in the 1930s, and this quantity of countries made General Assemblies really difficult to organize. The 60 countries were scattered all over the world, so its extremely difficult for the League of Nations to organize more than one General Assembly per year, so if there was problems between countries right

Similar Essays

Failure Of The League Of Nations In The Inter War Period

1201 words - 5 pages After the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which brought an end to the First World War, the League of Nations was established by the President of the United States of America, Woodrow Wilson. Wilson's intention on establishing the League of Nations was to stop all conflicts and wars around the world from ever happening again using the idea of Collective Security as the solution. Collective Security protected every country by mutual assistance and

Was The League Of Nations A Success Or A Failure?

3786 words - 15 pages couldn't actually send an army of it own although they did not have its own army. They were less concerned about the problems going on in the areas far away from where they were and weren't actually willing to involve with a country they knew nothing about.The reputation of the League of Nations had already been damaged by its failure regarding the Manchurian Crisis in 1931. Abyssinian Invasion was the fatal blow that more or less destroyed the

The Failure Of The League Of Nations To Keep Peace In The Nineteen Thirties

2934 words - 12 pages The Failure of the League of Nations to Keep Peace in the Nineteen-Thirties After World War One in 1919 the allies created the League of Nations. It had a simple "raison d'etre", that was to prevent war. Its chief architect was President Woodrow Wilson of USA. However, upon its creation the United States did not join. Throughout its years the league faced many problems and struggled, however it managed to stay together

The League Of Nations A Success In The 20’s, A Failure In The 30’s. How Far Do You Agree With This Satement?

534 words - 2 pages "˜failed' in the 30's this can really only be applied to a failure in peace keeping. They were very successful in other areas including: The Refugee Organisation which was set up by the league to help victims of war, The Labour Organisation which tried to improve working conditions and The Health Organisation which encouraged schemes to improve healthcare. All of which still exist as part of the United Nations today. Also the League cannot be