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The Failure Of The Cuban Revolution

1489 words - 6 pages

In the early hours of 1959, President Fulgencio Batista left Cuba and by doing so he set in motion the end of the democratic era for Cuba. Mainly due to social unrest and the political pressures from the country’s allies, the president had no other choice but to resign his post and leave. It is well known that he used repression to keep people from protesting against the widespread corruption existing in the country. Additionally, during his time in office, Cuba became the playground of many of the bosses of the organized crime. Regardless of these facts, the country used to be known for its blooming economy and beautiful infrastructure. Public transportation and the food supply were at the same levels as the United States and through hard work people were able to enjoy a decent life. As the revolution took over, promises were made to the people that a better society was going to be built. This new society was going to have no social discrimination or class distinctions. At the same time, the new government promised that the economy was going to supersede that of the previous years, that education and healthcare were going to improve and that free elections were going to be held within six months. After all these years, it has become apparent that the revolution has failed to fulfill the promises it made in 1959.
As the revolution took over the government, major steps were taken to dismantle the country’s economic infrastructure. These changes gave way to a socialist economy which relied solely on soviet funding. These funds were a reward for the state’s submission to soviet demands. As time passed, all the industrial machinery inherited from the capitalist past was replaced with cheaper machinery made in the Soviet Union. The economic infrastructure was rebuilt following a socialist and centralized format which followed the directives set by Fidel Castro. Additionally, as stated on chapter 1 article 5 of the newly written constitution: “the Communist Party of Cuba, Martian and of Marxist-Leninist, the organized vanguard of the Cuban nation, is the superior leading force of the society and the State.” This means that although there is a state, the party is the real ruling force in Cuba.
After the disappearance of the soviet bloc, the government tried many things to avert the economic meltdown. These measures failed to maintain the economy, and as a result, food shortages started to happen. As the situation worsened, the government was forced to authorize the possession of dollars which had been prohibited in the 1980s. This action was the first major sign that the revolution and socialism were a failure. While the ability to possess dollars was a relief for many, it became a problem for others because the government started charging in dollars all groceries and household supplies. This new measure created a difference of class as stated by Joseph D. Policano, “in officially classless Cuba there are, in fact, two classes: Cubans who have...

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