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The Failure Of The Cuban Revolution

1634 words - 7 pages

In the early hours of 1959, President Fulgencio Batista left Cuba and by doing so he set in motion the end of the democratic era for Cuba. Mainly due to social unrest and the political pressures from the country’s allies, the president had no other choice but to resign his post and leave. It is well known that he used repression to keep people from protesting against the widespread corruption existing in the country. Additionally, during his time in office, Cuba became the playground of many of the bosses of the organized crime. Regardless of these facts, the country used to be known for its blooming economy and beautiful infrastructure. Public transportation and the food supply were at the ...view middle of the document...

” This means that although there is a state, the party is the real ruling force in Cuba.
After the disappearance of the soviet bloc, the government tried many things to avert the economic meltdown. These measures failed to maintain the economy, and as a result, food shortages started to happen. As the situation worsened, the government was forced to authorize the possession of dollars which had been prohibited in the 1980s. This action was the first major sign that the revolution and socialism were a failure. While the ability to possess dollars was a relief for many, it became a problem for others because the government started charging in dollars all groceries and household supplies. This new measure created a difference of class as stated by Joseph D. Policano, “in officially classless Cuba there are, in fact, two classes: Cubans who have access to dollars and those who don't. The have-nots suffer a hard life indeed” (1). For those who have family outside of Cuba, the ability to purchase food and supplies in dollars is an easy thing, but for those who do not and only have their salary, which is often the equivalent to 25 dollars a month, to get those supplies is almost impossible.
Additionally, branching from the economic hardships, prostitution has become common place in Cuban society. As Policano says, a foreigner is approached multiple times during the day by people who give their bodies as a way of earning the money to maintain their families or buy clothing for themselves (1). Many of these prostitutes are engineers, doctors, and teachers who find themselves forced to give their bodies due to the country's extremely difficult economic situation. At the same time, another social factor in which the revolution has failed is race discrimination. In Cuba, the state claims there is no racial discrimination but the truth is completely different. Although the presence of black people is strong within the state’s ruling body, there is still discrimination in the society as a whole. As stated by Sarah Custer, “racial prejudice in employment is often tied to underlying social associations of moral corruption with blackness, and with a focus on white-dominated Cuban standards of beauty” (4). Additionally, black people end up being profiled as delinquents by the police on a regular basis and the practice of the religions that came from Africa is not approved by many with the government.
While the economy deteriorated, education and healthcare improved almost to the levels of a first world country. This improvement, even though apparently beneficial to the Cuban people, is mainly used by the government to export the revolution throughout the world. As a matter of fact, the healthcare system in Cuba is divided into the care given to foreigners and the care given to nationals. The high level of care provided to foreigners is a slap in the face to nationals, who most of the time cannot even buy the medications they are prescribed because it is out...

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