The Failure Of The Reconstruction, Following The Civil War.

875 words - 4 pages

The twelve-year time period after the Civil War, also known as the Reconstruction, was considered by many people to be a failure. Although the two main goals of the reconstruction, giving blacks civil rights, and re-uniting the Confederate and Union states, were met, they weren't stretched out to completion, and at the end, left blacks worse off than they were beforehand.During the Reconstruction, northerners finally helped the blacks get their civil rights. Due to the continuous pushing of the Radical Republicans, many efforts were made to help the newly freed slaves survive and live as free individuals. The Freedmen's Bureau, which was promoted by general O.O. Howard, was created in 1865 to help blacks land on their feet, and acquire some property and receive some education. Many slaves got involved in the sharecropping business. Also, helping in the civil rights of the slaves, were the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, which were passed in order to free the slaves, give them legal citizenship, and to grant black males the right to vote. The amendments helped former slaves become accustomed with their new positions in society. The Radical Republicans, a strong group in the United States, were fighting for the freed slaves and their rights. However, even with these freedoms, many things still plagued the blacks. After the amendments were passed, and the freedoms granted, many whites stopped caring about what happened to the newly independent blacks. The majority of the black population was uneducated, and had not been living in freedom, so they weren't able to get jobs, and didn't know how to go about living independently and making enough money to live. Also, even though blacks were now capable of getting some jobs, they still couldn't get the highly paid jobs that whites had, like doctors, or lawyers. Booker T. Washington, an African American, and former slave, received his education at the Hampton Institute, a school for black people, and began the idea of 'gradualism', where blacks would gradually move up to the white man's status, by proving themselves economically, and socially. With the new changes in the blacks' position, many whites were still opposed to the blacks having power in government, and the right to vote. Groups, especially in the south, like the Ku Klux Klan were formed, that threatened and abused the blacks, and tried to drive them out of the voting booths. There were large white race riots in Memphis and New Orleans, amongst other southern towns, and the southern states passed black codes to re-establish a form of labor control similar to slavery.The Union,...

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