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The Fall Of Communism In Poland

4393 words - 18 pages

Everyone has certain rights and with those rights come certain responsibilities which one

must fulfill in order to preserve their responsibilities. Those involved in the Polish Solidarity

Party, which began as an independent labor union, had rights and responsibilities which they

satisfied and in doing so, they created a new and improved Poland. Previous to the formation of

the Solidarity Party, the Communist regime controlled Poland. Communism, based on the ideas

and teachings of Karl Marx, is a system in which everyone is seen as equal and wealth is

distributed equally among the people. The Cold War brought Communism into Poland in 1945

and was wide-spread in Eastern Europe throughout the 20th century despite several attempts by

different countries to expel it. Pope John Paul II and Ronald Reagan were very distinguished

figures in the expulsion of Communism in Poland. The Gdańsk Agreement, the formation of

the Solidarity Party, Lech Wałęsa, and the Workers' Defense Committee were major components

of the beginning of the fall of Communism in Poland. The Communist government saw that the

Polish began to rebel against them and took action by outlawing Solidarity, imposing martial law

and enforcing Communist rule. After the Polish Round Table Talks, Solidarity was re-legalized

and was allowed to participate in the free elections.

The Cold War was a conflict between the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union

and the democratic nations led by the United States. It was fought by means of propaganda,

economic war, diplomatic haggling and occasional military clashes. At the Yalta conference in

February, 1945, Josef Stalin, representing the Soviet Union, promised free elections in Poland,

however Stalin feared that free elections in Poland would bring Poles who were critical of him

and the Soviet Union to power. These “free elections” were not truly free; they were rigged to

ensure the victory of the Communists in Poland .The Soviet Union took over and imposed

Communism in many countries during Cold War. “Poland and Eastern Europe sank behind an

‘iron fence’”. Pope John Paul II, born as Karol Józef Wojtyła, the first non-Italian Pope in over

four hundred years, was not only a great Pope, but an exceptional activist. Wojtyła had an

immense influence on the Solidarity Party and was a mortal enemy of Communism. It was

enforced in the article, “Solidarity, Pope John Paul II, and the Orange Alternative: Bringing

Down Communism in Poland”:

The Pope was motivated by a belief that Catholicism and the individual conscience stood diametrically opposed to Communism's suppression of religious, economic and political freedoms, which established the state as an alternative to a higher being. He saw Christianity as an inseparable part of Poland's rich cultural history, and sought to re-establish a society where Poles could freely embrace their national and religious identity.

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