The Fall Of Communism In Russia

2445 words - 10 pages

Communism: "A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life;
specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of
inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all
wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the
equal use and advantage of all. " (K. Marx)

What Karl Marx had set out in his Communist Manifesto as guide lines
for the governing of a state was proved to work to the contrary of its
good intentions when applied in Russia. During 1989 the world looked
on with amusement as the communist government in the U.S.S.R collapsed
and was replaced with a government committed to democracy and the free
market. The ethics of brother hood, equality, the plight of the poor
and the working class (all characteristics of communism) slowly
diminished over the years of corrupt rule, violence and inhumanity;
communism would now be popular only as a form of oppression, tyranny
and enemy to the world. But one wonders how such a morally profound
theory could turn into utter chaos and destruction. Boris Yeltsin
described communism as "a pie in the sky", something "man could never
truly achieve due to his nature" (L. Nichols). Ultimately, communism
in the U.S.S.R was doomed from the onset as it was condemned due to
the corruption within is leadership, the lack of support for the
economy and the frailties of humanity; making what is perfect on paper
ineffective in the real world, hence leading to the fall of one of the
strongest nations in the world.

Communism came after the fall of a political system, which the Russian
people could no longer tolerate. As the Tsar's life came to an end
Communism was born. People accepted this utopian ideal introduced to
them with open arms; nothing could seemingly be worse then what the
monarchy had already inflicted on them. But as time progressed and
leaders turned dictators, turned tyrants, and established absolute
power over the state. Too much power was transferred to the hands of
one man and corruption ensuing came into play. The political policies
of the USSR did not live up to their Marxist Leninist ideals;
separating state and society into un-equal classes; in turn causing
resentment amongst the society and deterring the majorities support
for a communist way of life.

Russia's first leader, Lenin kept Marxist Communism as a basis of
government but interpreted the theology on his own terms (Marxist,
Leninist Communism). Lenin himself was not a worker fighting for the
workers plight, he was "an elite who took office and promised his
people the elimination of classes, guaranteed employment, the creation
of a comprehensive social security and welfare system for all citizens
that would end the misery of workers once and for all" (D. B. Wolf,
56). But in order to achieve a truly Communist state, Lenin ordered...

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