The Fall Of Communism In Russia.

2811 words - 11 pages

The Fall of Communism in RussiaThe Reasons for the fall of Socialism/Communism and the Troublesof Starting the New Democratic System in the Russian Federation "Let'snot talk about Communism. Communism was just an idea, just pie in thesky." Boris Yeltsin (b. 1931), Russian politician, president. Remarkduring a visit to the U.S. Quoted in: Independent (London, 13 Sept.1989).The fall of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union was morethan a political event. The powerful bond between economics andpolitics that was the integral characteristic of the state socialistsystem created a situation that was unique for the successor states ofthe Soviet Union. The Communist regime was so ingrain in every aspectof Soviet life that the Russian people were left with littledemocratic tradition. Russia faces the seemingly impracticable task ofeconomic liberalization and democratization. This is combined with thefact that the new administration must address human rights issues,such as living conditions and the supply of staple goods in this newform of administration makes the prospect of a full democratic switchseemingly impossible.To fully underezd the scope of the transference of governingpower in the Russian Federation, one must first look at the oldSocialist/Communist regime, to see the circumezces under which itfell gives a good view of why this transference is almost impossible.In the beginning Communism seemed to the people of Russia as autopian ideal. The promise of the elimination of classes, ofguaranteed employment , "The creation of a comprehensive socialsecurity and welfare system for all citizens that would end themisery of workers once and for all." Lenin's own interpretation of theMarxian critique was that to achieve Communism there would first haveto be a socialist dictatorship to first suppress any dissent orprotest. Through coercive tactics this new government seized power andin 1917 Lenin came to power. Under his "rule" the Soviet Unionunderwent radical changes in it's economic doctrines adopting a mixedeconomy which was termed the New Economic Policy also referred to asNEP, this economy called for some private ownership of the means ofproduction, but the majority of industry was made property of thepeople, which meant the majority of the means of production wascontrolled by the government. Lenin's government made manyachievements. It ended a long civil war against the remnants of theold Czarist military system and established institutions ingovernment. During this period, and in fact throughout the majority ofthe Communist rule, censorship and the subordination of interestgroups such as trade unions was imposed to stop dissension andincrease conformity to the new governments policies.Lenin died in 1924, and was quickly followed by Joseph Stalin ashead of the Soviet Communist Party, the oppressive reforms started byLenin were continued and at length became completely totalitarian.Stalin became the most powerful man in Russia. He controlled to...

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