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Main Reasons For The Fall Of Feudalism

1415 words - 6 pages

Feudalism developed as a result of the frequent invasions made by the vikings during the Middle Ages around the 900s to early 1500s. Feudalism served its purpose by creating a system where the king would appoint lords that would appoint knights to appoint serfs that would be expected to work the land and fields in exchange for food, protection, and accommodations. It provided stability because lords were able to govern smaller groups of people through a system called manorialism. Feudalism allowed people to live in self-sufficient areas where it was not necessary to rely on trade or contact with other areas since people were interdependent. During the time period of feudalism there was no separation between church and state leaving the church to be very powerful (Religion). Even though feudalism provided a long-lasting system which was strong, feudalism came to an end. Reasons to the collapse of feudalism included the agricultural revolution, the rise of Burgesses, the commercial revolution, the impact of the crusades, and the result of the bubonic plague. Although some believe that the fall of feudalism was a direct result of the bubonic plague, the primary reasons for the collapse of feudalism was the agricultural revolution because of the production of new technology, the rise of burgesses because of the increase in jobs, the commercial revolution because people did not want to be limited to what the had, and the crusades because of the power of the church along with cultural diffusion.
The agricultural revolution was a prime reason for the collapse of feudalism because the advancement in technology allowed there to be surplus of food and population. The agricultural revolution was a time when there was an increase and advancement in the technology used for agriculture. Many new techniques and machines were developed such as the three-field system, seed drills, plow, windmills, and harness’ (Inventors). With these new techniques more than an adequate amount of food was grown which resulted in a surplus of food. With the excess of food left over the only profitable way to get rid of it would be to sell and trade. The increase in trade transitioned into capitalism which heavily differentiated with the practice of manorialism. Slowly as trade increased populations in newly formed towns expanded (Schubert 2014). This caused the collapse of feudalism because people left manors to look for more farming land and people were no longer reliant on vassals for food.
The rise of Burgesses caused the collapse of feudalism because there were more jobs available due to the agricultural revolution. Serfs that lived in the manors to serve their lords no longer relied on the protection and food supply they were given. They were able to acquire food for themselves since they had jobs and there were walls around towns and cities to protect them. The rise of towns allowed former serfs to get other jobs rather than working for their lords. They were able to get...

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