Based on the history, the first person discovers Malacca is Parameswara in 1403 A.D. After he found Malacca, this country grew into such a great empire in the Malay Archipelago and Malacca achieved its height of glory at the beginning the middle of the 15th century. When the time passes, the golden ages of Malacca ended in the year of 1511 which is after the Portuguese attack.
The fall of the Malacca kingdom is affected by two factors which are internal factor and external factor. Internal factor consists of the weakness of the administration and weak leaders. Many historians agreed that the fall of Malacca kingdom start from Sultan Mahmud Syah took over the throne. At that time, the Chief of Minister was Tun Mutahir which is appointed right after the death of Tun Perak. Tun Mutahir is a weak leader where he appointed his families and friends as chief in Malacca administration. Then Tun Mutahir is sentenced to death by Sultan Mahmud Shah because of the defamation of Tun Mutahir want to conquer the sultan wealthy. After the sultan realized that his action is wrong, he appointed his son, Raja Ahmad, to govern the empire. And at that time, Tun Perpatih Putih is replaced Tun Mutahir as Chief Minister. He is succeeded his brother Tun Perak and he is too old to be a minister. The weaknesses of Sultan Mahmud are that, he appointed his son, Raja Ahmad, while he knows that Raja Ahmad have no knowledge in governing and too young for him to govern the Malacca empire. When the Sultan Mahmud Shah governs the empire, the defamation and bribing activities are widely practiced. Since there is no caliber person in govern an empire, Malacca administration at that time is very weak.
As stated before, Tun Mutahir was sentenced to death at betrayal by Raja Mandaliar, an Indian native. Raja Mandaliar defame Tun Mutahir want to conquer all Sultan Mahmud’s wealthy. Without any investigation, the sultan immediately puts Tun Mutahir to death. This event makes Malays to become hostile towards the Indian-Muslims. As the result, the unity of Malacca people becomes disunited, the trade decreasing and administration becomes weaker (Syed Arash, 2011).
The other internal factor that contributes in the fall of Malacca is that the weakness of military system. Since the Malacca achieved its height of glory, the army had not involve in war for a long time, which...