The United States is following the path of ancient Rome. Although there are many differences, their similarities indicate a similar fate for the U.S.A. I aim to examine the climate and structure of Ancient Rome which lead to its Rapid success and the similar system of the U.S. that in turn facilitated their ultra quick rise to power. Then by examining the results of this system, the corruption and Fundamental ideas that lead to the rise of a “Central Power” that came to be present in both nations and many say signaled the end of the Republic Era of Rome. I hope to provide critical review in which we can use as knowledge in indicating why the U.S. is currently in a state of decay.
Republic: A Government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law-(Mirriam Webster.com)
Section I: Structures’ of roman government
The Roman Constitution was mainly handed down verbally and sustained changes over time. It was created as a three branch system of government out of modern governing systems at the time. Democracy, Aristocracy and Monarchism were used as the basis for the division of power into the three institutions; Legislative Assembly, The Senate, and The Consuls.
The Senate – Aristocracy
The Senate was legendarily founded in the first days of Rome, 753B.C. The Senate was the most key ingredient to governing it withstood the test of time lasting through the Fall of the Republic and though its role fluctuated, continued to preside during the time of Emperors. The role of the Senate in the Roman Republic was a Deliberative Governing body selected by the people and the Consuls. Although the Senate did not write the laws, most of Rome’s power and prestige resided in the senate. “As the representative figurehead of Rome, it was the official body that sent and received ambassadors on behalf of the city, appointed officials to manage and govern provinces, declared war and negotiated peace, and appropriated funds for various projects such as public building construction. Appointments of military Legates, and the overall oversight of Roman religious practices remained in the control of the Senate as well. It was also the Senate who held the authority to nominate a dictator (a single leader who acted with ultimate authority and without fear of reprisal) in a state of emergency, usually a military one.” (unrv.com) The senate also limited and deliberated upon the powers that the Consuls weilded.
The Legislative Assembly - Democracy
The Legislative Assembly consisted of two factions: The Comitia Centuriata (Century Assembly) was composed of all members of the army and elected consuls annually. The Comitia Tributa (Tribal Assembly) was composed of all citizens and approved or rejected laws and decided issues of war and peace. (Ancient history.about.com) In the tribal assembly, the people elected magistrates who represented their...