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The Fall Of Two Empires, The Mayan And The Byzantin 12th Grade Assignment

713 words - 3 pages

Les royaumes disparus (1450-1650)
Thèse : La Chute de deux empires, Byzantin et Maya de deux causes différentes.
Des empires, des royaumes, des sultanats, des états et des seigneuries ont historiquement existé et se sont développés, pour certains à une apogée telle qu’on n’aurait jamais prédit leur chute.
L’empire byzantin, un empire qui s’était étendu sur des pays, et des tranches d’états et pourtant qui a connu une chute tout comme la chute des états Mayas en Amérique Centrale.
La Première Chute, celle de l’empire Byzantin a été causée par des rivalités entre les chrétiens d’occident et ceux de l’orient, la chute était d’une très longue durée par rapport à la chute des états Mayas causée par l’invasion des Espagnols.
L’empire Byzantin appelé aussi empire romain d’orient prit son nom de la capitale Byzance durant le Ve Siècle. Il fut un empire de confession chrétien orthodoxe. Il s’étendit sur les Balkans, l’Asie mineure, le nord de la Mésopotamie, la Palestine, la Syrie, la Lybie et l’Égypte.
Le 1er affaiblissement de cet empire fut causé par les rivalités des deux côtés chrétiens, occident et orient. Les empereurs annoncèrent des réconciliations entre les deux cotés chrétiens mais cela fut refusé par le clergé et la population de Byzance.
Un élément de surprise surgit lorsque les turcs ottomans convertis à l’islam commencèrent une invasion et une expansion sans limites.
Un siège commença en mai 1453, la situation à Constantinople devient dégradée, et l’empire Byzantin était réduit dans la ville et dans celle voisine appelée Péloponnèse.
Maintenant, les trucs ottoman musulmans contrôlent les pays Balkans et leurs populations.
L’empereur Constantin le XIe demande l’aide aux romains qui envoient des troupes italiennes d’environ 5000 soldats. L’opposition était farouche, une opposition d’environ 100 000 Soldats ottomans et 120 navires qui ne laissera la moindre chance aux Byzantins qui ont fini à céder après des batailles féroces et acharnés. Ceci fut le 29 mai 1453.
La ville de Constantinople fut pillée et les byzantins ne contrôlaient plus les voies commerciales entre l’extrême orient et l’occident. Mehmet le II appelé le conquérant s’installe alors dans Constantinople.
Quand on dit ‘’maya’’ le mot civilisation vient à...

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