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The Great Depression. Essay

2731 words - 11 pages

This report is an in depth one discussing the cause and effects of the Great Depression and what inevitably pulled the American People out of it.Imagine for a moment, waking up one day to find yourself on a dirty floor, a pile of rags, or maybe even the street. You look down at yourself to find you're wearing the same clothes you wore yesterday, except they are completely filthy and have lots of holes in places like the knees and elbows. You have no access to a mirror to show you what you look like so you go to touch you hair with your hand and find it to be a pile of grease and dirt that obviously hasn't been washed in days, maybe even weeks.You get up and start to head for work, or school, only to realize you have no place to go. The pain of hunger eats away at you, but you just ignore it knowing that there is nothing for you to eat and you have no money to buy any food. You have no job, no money, no family, and no hope. Welcome to the Depression.The 1920's was a time of great prosperity in the lives of most Americans and our natural human ignorance made us think it would stay that way forever. We had just come out of World War I and business was booming, along with agriculture and the stock market. The outlook for the future was great, but people failed to understand that economies can't be on the upswing forever; it has to come down sometime. All of the signsof a depression were there; the farmers were producing too much, the uneven distribution of income, easy credit/huge debts, imbalance of foreign trade; people just didn't notice them. Not until October 29, 1929--BLACK TUESDAYOne of the causes for the Great Depression was the stock market crash. From the end of World War I in 1919 the stock market prices kept rising. On October 24, 1929 the stock market crashed. Stock prices plummeted. On that one day, the value of stocks fell fourteen billion dollars. Business started to lay off people. Small stores closed their doors. The lower the money became, the more people got laid off. Herbert Hoover said the cause was international and that the remedy for it must be sought in the same fashion. That meant that he thought the whole world was in the Depression and that the whole world would have to come up with a way to get out of it. Millions of people lost all of their savings. Many people ended up sleeping in shelters for the unemployed and eating in soup kitchens.Seasons had a lot to do with what people ate during the depression. They lived on farms and when the crops didn't grow their menus changed a lot. Many of these people lived in the Dust Bowl, a stretch of land in between the Mississippi and Rocky Mountains. The Dust Bowl was called that because of a massive drought that hit during the Great Depression years. Winds carried all of the topsoil away and blocked roads. Some people were stranded inside their houses for hours until the wind carried the sand away from the doors. Neighbors threw parties to help friends out. The parties were a way...

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