The Great Pyramid At Giza: The Use Of Advanced Math And Science Within Its Design

1470 words - 6 pages

Many conspiracies surround the Great Pyramid at Giza. Of these theories, nearly all of them stem from curiosities involving the construction process, as well as the planning and design process, of the Great Pyramid. While admitting that it is quite curious that the pyramid is oriented almost perfectly to the cardinal directions; along with the fact that both the golden section and the number π seem prevalent in the design; it is also curious how some people instantaneously connect those possibilities with the idea that only aliens could have built such a structure. The Egyptians created an advanced system of hieroglyphics, and built many other impressive structures, is it so hard to believe that they were also the designers and builders of a structure that incorporates the use of advanced science and mathematics? Although the Egyptians may never have defined the number π, advanced math and advanced science were both clearly used in the design, planning, and construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza.

The use of math, science, and logic can be seen within the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza in a variety places. It is most apparent are within the construction and movement of the components; the overall design of the Great Pyramid itself with relation to its height, base, and sides; and within the orientation and layout of the Pyramids at Giza. These three key elements are the basis of many questions formed around the Pyramid and what, in fact, makes this structure so interesting.

Often debated upon and discussed the most, is how the large stones, and stone components of the pyramid, were moved and stacked to create such a structure [Figure #1]. There are many hypotheses on how this was accomplished. The most common hypothesis is the use of ramps. Although there is no clear evidence of this at the Great Pyramid, evidence of these ramps has been found at many of the other Old Kingdom pyramids in Egypt. In turn, this gives reason to believe that they would have also been utilized at this site as well. There are five primary ramps that were discovered and used at other pyramid sites [Figure #2]. The first of these ramp styles is a wide linear ramp. This is the most straightforward ramp, but the least common because of how wide it needed to be. A staircase ramp is most similar to the linear ramp, but it was more narrow and used primarily on one side of the pyramid as it was built. A spiraling ramp was considered and thought to have surrounded pyramids in a spiral fashion during construction. However, if this ramp was used at the Great Pyramid, it is unknown what it would have rested on, given that all traces of this ramp would have needed to be deliberately removed if this were the case. A ramp similar to the spiral ramp is a zigzagging ramp, which traverses a single side of the structure, quite similar to the modern day mountainside road. Lastly, interior ramps were used in other situations to build much of the pyramid until the inside was...

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