The Great Pyramid Of Giza. Essay

1105 words - 4 pages

The Great Pyramid of GizaThe greatest accomplishment of all the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World does not need a description by early historians and poets. It does not require conjectures regarding its appearance, size, and shape. This wonder is the oldest of them all and the only surviving one. This great wonder of the ancient world is the Great Pyramid of Giza.The Great Pyramid of Giza is located on the outskirts of today, Cairo, Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile River. It was built by the Egyptian pharaoh, Khufu, of the Fourth Dynasty, around 2585-2560 BC. The main purpose of this monument was to serve as a tomb when he died and a source of transportation to his afterlife. The pyramids were built to protect the embalmed, mummified bodies of the Egypt pharaohs for eternity. To build such a great accomplishment for a pharaoh is a grand achievement of the ancient civilization of Egypt.The building of the pyramid took a total of less than 30 years. On average, 2.3 million blocks of stone were used to build Khufu's pyramid, weighed 2.5 tons, and the heaviest blocks, used as the ceiling of Khufu's burial chamber, weighed in an estimate of 40-60 tons. The pyramid was most likely constructed by approximately 4,000 craftsmen. The question of exactly who built the pyramids, and how, has long been debated by Egyptologists and historians. Theory has it that the stones were hauled up by ramps using ropes of papyrus twine. The gradually sloping ramps, built out of mud, stone, and wood were used as transportation causeways for moving the large stones to their positions up and around the four sides of the pyramid. The minds of the ancient Egyptians are very impressive considering their advanced engineering skills at such an early stage in time. Even the people of the 21st century still can not determine how they built the Great Pyramid of Giza.One of the reasons why the Great Pyramid is so overwhelming once it's seen is because of it's size and shape. Khufu's Pyramid was 145.75 meters high, but it lost 10 meters off its top as the years past. Until the modern era, it was the tallest building in the world for over 4 thousand years. The four sides of the Great Pyramid of Khufu are accurately oriented to the cardinal points of the compass. The square base has sides 230 meters long, apparently with a difference between them of only a few centimeters. It is very obvious that the Egyptians were well educated in their sciences and mathematics. It's amazing how a measurement error on such a massive piece of art can be missed by merely a few centimeters. The shape of the pyramid may have represented the sun's rays, which the dead king would use as a ramp to the celestial world. On a more superficial level, the huge size of the pyramid symbolized the importance of the pharaoh and his power over the people.The structure of the Great Pyramid was built based upon geometry. The height of the Pyramid's apex, or highest point, is 5,812.98 inches, and each side is 9,131...

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