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The Father Of Genetics Essay

1122 words - 4 pages

Variations among children of the same parents have mystified people for years. Sometimes there
are parents who both have, for example, brown hair, but then their child has blonde hair. These strange differences in traits seemed to happen out of no reason, until Gregor Mendel came along. Experimenting with plants, he began the science of heredity, or genetics. There are many causes and effects of Gregor Mendel, including the help of other people, working at a monastery, and the development of genetics.
First, Gregor Mendel became interested in genetics by the help of other people. One person who had a great influence on him was F. Unger, who “was known for his views on evolution and had investigated the problem of plant variability by means of transplanting experiments” (Johann Gregor Mendel). Mendel was only a worker at a monastery at the time, but he listened to some of Unger’s lectures “on plant anatomy and physiology, the use of the microscope, and the practical organization of experiments” (Johann Gregor Mendel). This sparked an interest in Mendel, which caused him to create his own experiments. Without the presence of F. Unger in Mendel’s life, he may have never been introduced into the field of science, and he would not have had someone to base his work on. Not only was F. Unger a major role in Mendel’s life, but his family was important as well. At a young age, “his mother instilled in her only son a love for plants” (Cullen). This led to Mendel’s curiosity about heredity by having a love of plants ever since the beginning of his life. When Mendel began his experiments, he started out with pea plants, most likely because he had a certain passion for plants that came from his mother. Choosing pea plants was the right choice because they had definite traits that could be tracked and they were easy to take care of. If he did not have an enthusiasm for plantlife, he may have chosen other, more difficult, subjects for his experiments, such as animals. Therefore, he would have had a challenging time trying to create conclusions. Another factor for introducing Mendel to genetics were his educators. For a recommendation, “his professor was so positive that Mendel was admitted without an interview” into the monastery, St. Thomas at Brünn, now known as Brno (Cullen). This allowed him to have a guaranteed acceptance into the monastery. If Mendel had to be interviewed, he might have failed to enter this monastery, changing the course of his life. The monastery is where Mendel obtained his opportunity to experiment freely, since “the abbot… C.F. Napp, encouraged independent studies and arranged the construction of an experimental garden and herbarium” (Cullen). Mendel was able to use the resource of the garden to begin his observations of pea plants. The abbot’s encouragements pushed him into doing what he wanted, instead of holding him back like some people might have done. Altogether, one of the most important reasons why Gregor Mendel entered...

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