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The Father Of Microbes: Biography Of Louis Pasteur

959 words - 4 pages

Louis Pasteur was born in the town of Dole, France in a family of tanners. He was born in December 27, 1822, in a time when the germs and microbes hadn’t been discovered. The profession of tanner is a person who gets leather to become soft and strong. This profession came from his great grandfather who owned a tanning business since 1763 (Notable Biographies, 2008). As children, the Jean-Joseph and Jeanne Roqui Pasteur, taught them to be loyal, respect, financial security, and hard work. By the year of 1831, Pasteur went to Ecole Primaire and to College d’ Arboix (Pasteur Brewing, 2008) where it is believed that he witnesses treatment of rabies on victims which killed 16 on that day. After that, Pasteur decides to go to Paris to enter at the Institution Barbet in 1838 but decides to go back home after some difficulties with homesickness(Notable Biographies, 2008). Two years later, he went to College Royal de Besancon and achieved his bachelor’s degree in letters. Two years after, he received his bachelor’s degree in science, returned to Paris, and qualifies for competitive entrance examination Ecole Normale. By 1844, Pasteur, entered Ecole Normale, before that he managed to listen to some lectures of Jean Baptiste Dumas at the Sorbonne. In 1845, Pasteur received his M.S. in science and starts to work in a laboratory in 1848 where he starts to work with crystallography and develops two theses.
In the year of 1847, Pasteur defended his theses on chemistry and physics. This earned him his Doctorate. In 1849, Pasteur married and became the father of his child, Jeanne. By 1852, Pasteur began to research and study the process of fermentation as the “chairman of the chemistry department at the University of Strasbourg, France,” (Notable Biographies, 2008). His research turned out to be a terrific advancement in the art of making beer and wine. Two years later, Pasteur was a professor in the University of Lille, where he helped a helped a “producer of vinegar from beet juice” (Notable Biographies, 2008). The producer’s problem with the vinegar was that the vinegar would be spoiled and wanted to find a solution to keep it from spoiling. Pasteur then observed the beet juice with a microscope and found that it had yeast and alcohol. The action of beet juice and yeast was fermentation. To solve this he heated up the beet juice and destroyed the yeast. With this, he called this process “pasteurization” (BBC History, 2011).
On he continued, and started to do research on Silkworms. By the year of 1865, Pasteur helped the silk industry in France. Silkworms were becoming dangerous to the industry because they were ruining the silk. In four months, Pasteur came up with different methods and solutions to solve the problem. Despite his great success, his father died, and his two daughters died from the typhoid fever in 1866. Then his left side of the body was paralyzed due to a cerebral hemorrhage by 1868. However despite this time of tragic failures, he...

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