This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The 'fear Years' In The United Kingdom

2565 words - 11 pages

For the last few decades, crime has seemed to play a part in the shaping of politics and law. The topic of crime is often shown in the media and discussed by politicians. This emphasis has seemed to create a ‘fear’ of crime and developed a penal system based on popularity. As criminologist Jonathan Simon described the ‘fear years’ of 1970s USA, I hope to outline a period of fear years in the UK. The topic has been in the headlines for some decades, however I feel that it was the 1990s when politics and crime seemed to escalate onto another level of ‘fear’.

1.2 Aims
The overall aim is to determine to what extent penal populism has had on 1990s politics and law the UK. While outlining this I shall also touch upon the politics leading up to the 1990s law and order regime as well as give a comparative analysis of penal systems elsewhere.

1.3 Method
This piece of work will use a variety of primary and secondary sources to show the impact that fear has had on crime and politics in 1990s Britain. Specifically it will involve anaylsis of the literature on crime, law and politics as well as legal policy and documents.

1.4 Overview of Structure
In my first section I will begin by giving a definitions of penal populism in order to ensure some clarity as to the relation between crime and politics. I will then go on to describe and evaluate Johnathan Simon’s phrase of ‘fear years’ and put this into context in regards to 1990s UK crime and politics. This first section will then end on an introduction to the first political use of law and order in 1980s Britain. The second chapter I shall discuss the politics in 1990s Britain that was behind penal populism. In this chapter I shall also discuss the cases and incidents which invoked fear into the public and the way the politicians reacted to this. Pratt, Penal Populism (2007): 9My third chapter will focus on the mass media and its involvement in politics and the shaping of law. The fourth chapter will be a comparative section. I will outline the way in which crime and politics has been dealt with in Norway compared to the UK, contrasting two similar cases. This chapter will then go on to detail the use of fear in politics in the USA. The last part of this chapter will comment on Scotland and it’s use of penal populism in the 1990s in comparison to England and Wales.

2.1

In spite of prevalent use of the term ‘penal populism’ in much analytical work, the definition of penal populism has received very little consideration as both Sparks and Matthews have observed. The topic is often viewed as a label attached to politicians who devise punitive penal policies that seem to be in any way ‘popular’ with the general public. In actual fact, penal populism is much more complex. It is structurally embedded, representing a major shift in the configuration of penal power in modern society, rather than something within the purview of politicians to meddle with as they please.
In one of the very first...

Find Another Essay On The 'Fear Years' in the United Kingdom

Healthcare in the United Kingdom & US

2134 words - 9 pages of vacation days, sick days, personal days and even unpaid family leave. Some companies will let you take money out of each check during your pregnancy and save it for when you are off just to have some kind of income coming into the house. (How long is) Summary The United Kingdom has had the centralized health care system for many years and they spend half the costs in health care than the United States, they are organized and have many

Legal Drinking Age in the United Kingdom

1367 words - 6 pages The United Kingdom is known for its high volume of alcoholics. It only makes sense that if the adults are drinking, then the teenagers are drinking too. The country has been allowing the young kids to drink since they were five, in private areas, and sixteen in a public place. Although the law has been approved before, some people think that it should not be legal for such young children to drink. The legal drinking age should be at least 18

19th-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom

2345 words - 9 pages 19th-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom Professor comments: In this paper, the student synthesizes several sources about nineteenth-century medicine and medical education into a focused and coherent essay that provides information about aspects of this topic especially relevant to understanding Lydgate's position in Middlemarch: the differences among physicians, apothecaries, and surgeons, both in terms of training and duties on the

Pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom

1016 words - 5 pages INTRODUCTION Pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom The pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom directly employs around 72,000 people and in 2010 contributed £8.4 billion to the UK's GDP and invested a total of £3.9 billion in research and development. In 2007 exports of pharmaceutical products from the UK totalled £14.6 billion, creating a trade surplus in pharmaceutical products of £4.3 billion. The UK is home to GlaxoSmithKline

Voting Behavior in the United Kingdom

1528 words - 6 pages Voting Behavior in the United Kingdom When voting, people are usually going to vote for their own personal well-being. Although voters may agree that there should be improved services for everyone, when it comes to voting, it is likely they will vote for what is best for them personally I.e. lower tax. This is known as issue voting. E.g. whether a candidate will support a ban on fox hunting. It is agreed that issues do

Healthcare In The United States vs. The United Kingdom

1074 words - 4 pages Compare and contrast healthcare in the United States and United Kingdom In the contemporary world, America is one of the greatest countries. From the polio vaccine to Coca Cola, United States is mother to many inventions. As Americans, we enjoy higher quality living standards than most other parts of the world. This pleasure-oriented lifestyle makes a lot of other nations envious of us. And with the envy comes antipathy. For the time it has

Germany and the United Kingdom

1683 words - 7 pages Germany and the United Kingdom All countries in our world share many similarities and differences. This allows each country to learn from one another’s failures and successes. Two of the countries that have similar and different ways that they run their country is Germany and the United Kingdom. These countries each have their own style of how they choose to run their countries. Both Germany and the United Kingdom are democracies in the world

The United Kingdom Public Law

1170 words - 5 pages The United Kingdom Public Law Author’s name: Institution’s name: United Kingdom Public Law Public law is the section of law that governs the relationship between individuals and the government and other relationships between individuals, which directly concern the society. It comprises of constitutional law, tax law, criminal law and administrative law. In public law, compulsory rules prevail. Freedom of speech is the notion of

The United Kingdom Prison Service

1743 words - 7 pages the provisions of the contract. In each privately operated prison, there are permanent government monitors that ensure the facility is well managed and the prisoners are treated in accordance with the law. Additionally, the HM Chief Inspector is mandated to inspect private prisons in the same way as public ones. Up to date, there are 16 officially contracted private prisons in the United Kingdom (Hodge, Graeme, and Greve 10). These prisons have the

The United Kingdom Beverage Market

1819 words - 7 pages The United Kingdom Beverage Market INTRODUCTION Armstrong Corporation is a food products manufacturing company, with products which include ready-to-eat cereals, frozen pies, snack items and carbonated beverages. Funky-Cola is the flagship brand of the carbonated beverage division. Our company has decided to introduce Funky-Cola to the United Kingdom beverage market. In this paper, the market potential and opportunities of the country would

Growth of the Islam in the United Kingdom

1916 words - 8 pages by a death penalty. What would happen if Sharia courts in Britain were approved as an equivalent of Courts of the United Kingdom and gained power? Would such an extremism be possible even in Europe? To sum up, the statistics speak for themselves and the Britain’s fear of becoming an Islamic state is definitely not far-fetched. There is no doubt that the number of the Muslims in The United Kingdom has increased at an alarming rate over the past

Similar Essays

Studiying In The United Kingdom Essay

2532 words - 11 pages during university years, people find new friends, meet new societies and meet various cultures of the world. In my opinion, the United Kingdom is the best choice for university years as there students from almost whole world study and collaborates. Moreover, as the United Kingdom consists of 4 parts (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), studying in one part of The United Kingdom, students can visit other parts of this great and beautiful

The Welfare State In The United Kingdom

1960 words - 8 pages 10 years earlier. In short, the government's proposals were far from being generous and poverty has continued to be a social problem in the United Kingdom until today as a result. Another negative result of Beveridge's minimalist calculations is that, by using the 1936 Rowntree standard for calculating the benefit rates for the new welfare state at the end of the war, the relative cost of child care was severely underestimated. The result was

The Tax System In The United Kingdom

1166 words - 5 pages made a deal with over 70 organisations to provide work experience, the effectiveness of the program is still doubtful due to the lack of opportunities in certain areas of the United Kingdom; consequently, people left with no choice will be highly affected by the new unemployment rule. On the other hand, the unemployment figure has reached the lowest level in five years, 6.8%, the lowest since February 2009. Another means of reducing poverty and

The United Kingdom In The European Union

1844 words - 7 pages In joining the European Union, the United Kingdom has been affected in many different ways. We have had the advantages and the disadvantages, the benefits and the costs. Advantages to the EU cover many fields; there is greater specialisation and economies of scale, for example the more efficient a firm is in producing their product then the bigger the scale of production leading to higher capital for them and also leading to lower