The Possible Effects Of Post Traumatic Stress

2309 words - 9 pages

The Possible Effects of Post Traumatic Stress

Post traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder associated with
serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as
survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of
involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images. Post
Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can develop at any age, including in
childhood. Symptoms typically begin within 3 months of a traumatic
event, although occasionally they do not begin until years later. Once
PTSD occurs, the severity and duration of the illness varies. Some
people recover within 6 months, while others suffer much longer.

Both the general public and public service personnel are certainly
open to receiving PTSD from the train crash. Members of the public may
have to endure the death of those close to them also involved in the
train crash or just seeing the carnage and injuries and deaths around
them is certainly enough to be liable of PTSD. Members of the Public
services can be affected due to having to witness such deaths or
injuries and perhaps having to deal with a person dying in front of
them or in their arms. A medic may be trying to save someone a are
unable to do this and the person dies in front of them, this could
easily be the cause of PTSD in the medic.

The public service organisations will work together to clear up the
train crash. The police will tend to arrive on the scene first,
blocking off the roads and checking the area. The fire service will
work in securing the area, making it safe for access by medics and to
prevent further injuries to people involved from the crash, such as
falling debris, roof caving in etc. The medics will work in searching
for and rescuing the injured and removing the dead.

PTSD usually falls into three categories. These are; Intrusion,
Avoidance and Hyperarousal. Intrusion involves the memories of the
trauma reoccurring unexpectedly in the person. This will include
flashbacks and will happen in sudden, vivid memories that are
accompanied by painful emotions. It is common that the person
suffering from intrusion will sometimes be so strong that they believe
they are almost re experiencing the trauma again and seeing it unfold
in their nightmares. A person suffering from avoidance will affect
their relationship with others, including family members, partners and
close friends etc. The person will feel numb at first and will have
diminished emotions and can only complete routine, mechanical
activities. The person will try to avoid situations or activities that
are reminders of the original traumatic event because such exposure
may cause symptoms to worsen. The final category is hyperarousal and
this will cause the person to act as though they are constantly
threatened by the trauma that caused their illness....

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