The Federal Bureau Of Investigation Fbi

1086 words - 4 pages

To uphold the law through the investigation of violations offederal criminal law; to protect the U.S. from foreign intelligenceand terrorist activities; to provide leadership and law enforcementassistance to federal, state, local, and international agencies; andto perform these responsibilities in a manner that is responsive tothe needs of the public and is faithful to the constitution of theU.S.: this is the mission of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation wasfounded in 1908 when the Attorney General appointed an unnamed force ofSpecial Agents to be the investigative force of the Department of Justice(DOJ). Before that time, the DOJ had to borrow Agents from the U.S.Secret Service to investigate violations of federal criminal laws withinit's jurisdiction. In 1909, the Special Agent Force was renamed theBureau of Investigation, and after a series of name changes, it receivedit's present official name in 1935. During the early period of the FBI'shistory, it's agents investigated violations of mainly bankruptcy frauds,antitrust crime, and neutrality violation. During World War One, theBureau was given the responsibility of investigating espionage, sabotage,sedition (resistance against lawful authority), and draft violations.The passage of the National Motor Vehicle Theft Act in 1919 furtherbroadened the Bureau's jurisdiction.After the passage of Prohibition in 1920, the gangster era began, bringing about a whole new type of crime. Criminals engaged in kidnapping and bank robbery, which were not federal crimes at that time. This changed in 1932 with the passage of a federal kidnapping statute. In 1934, many other federal criminal statutes were passed, and Congress gave Special Agents the authority to make arrests and to carry firearms.The FBI's size and jurisdiction during the second World War increased greatly and included intelligence matters in South America. With the end of that war, and the arrival of the Atomic Age, the FBI began conducting background security investigations for the White House and other government agencies, as well as probes into internal security matters for the executive branch of the government.In the 1960's, civil rights and organized crime became major concerns of the FBI, and counterterrorism, drugs, financial crime, and violent crimes in the 1970's. These are still the major concerns of the FBI, only now it is to a greater extent..With all of this responsibility, it is logical to say that the FBI is a field-oriented organization. They have nine divisions and four offices at FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C. These divisions and offices provide direction and support services to 56 field offices and approximately 10,100 Special Agents and 13,700 other employees. Each FBI field office is overseen by a Special Agent in Charge, except for those located in New York City and Washington, D.C. Due to their large size, those offices are each managed by an Assistant...

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