The Federal Republic Of Nigeria Essay

6817 words - 27 pages

The Federal Republic of Nigeria

The Federal Republic of Nigeria, known as Nigeria, is located on the African continent and borders on the south the Gulf of Guinea, on the east Cameroon, on the northeast Chad, Niger on the north, and Benin on the west.
Nigeria is divided into four sections: the north, south, east, and west. The Hausa kingom is located in the north, the Yoruba in the south and the west, and Ibo in south and the east. The Hausa, Ibo, and Yoruba are the major ethnic group of Nigeria, but also refer to the kingom’s name and the culture and language of the area. There are many similarities between these kingdoms but also many recongnizable differences. For example, the Ibo’s have lighter skin than the Hausa and Yoruba people. Also, many Hausa’s and Yoruba’s have tribal markings on their face. The women of the Hausa kingdom typically where a headress covering their eyes and are known to be the less educated people of the country. The Ibo people are thought to be money-makers and business people of the country and almost all that is produced in Nigeria is produced primarily in the west by the Ibo’s. Women in the Yoruba kingdom are almost equal to men. Yoruba women inheret land and can acquire wealth, which is very unique treatment of most women throughout Nigeria.
Almost half of the Nigeria’s population identifies as Muslims, followed by nearly 35 percent Chirsitans, and more than 18 percent as other indigenous religions (Metz, 1991). But as different ethnic groups constitue specific regions in Nigeria, so do religions. The far northern areas of Nigeria have commonly been considered Muslim, but the middle belt has a mixture of Muslim and Christian followers. The south is traditionally considered Christian and features Protestant and Africanized churches, such as the Aladura movement among the Yoruba and Roman Catholicism among the Igbo. There was also a sizeable Muslim population in the South. In addition, traditional religions, characterized by worship of primordial spirits, dead ancestors, and spirits of places, is practiced, especially in rural areas (Metz, 1991)
With a population of more than 100 million people, there are 250 to 400 or more recognized ethnic groups, many of which are divided into subgroups of considerable social and political importance. There are a huge number of languages spoken in Nigeria, estimated at between 350 and 400. Most important are Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. English is the official language used in government, large-scale business, mass media, and education beyond primary school" (Metz, 1991).
The state and local governments are responsible for the primary education (six-year program). The responsibility for secondary education is shared by the federal and state governments. There are also some private schools of Muslim and Christian faith. "In 1990 between 150,000 and 200,000 were enrolled in thirty-five colleges, universities, and higher technical schools" (Metz, 1991,...

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