The Federalists vs. The Anti-Federalists
When the revolutionary war was over, the American colonists had found
themselves free of British domination. Due to the fact that they were free
from British control, they wanted to create their own system of government where
tyranny would be practically diminished. Originally, the separate states were
connected by The Articles of Confederation. But this document gave the central
government no power of their own. Because of this, the states had many problems
in international politics since they had just found freedom and did not have the
respect of other countries. This caused a lot of thinking and it was decided that
a document needed to be created to strengthen the central government and at the same
time ensuring the safety of the states. So came to be the constitution. The
constitution brought about a division between the American people. These two groups
were the federalists, who believed that the constitution was good, and the anti-federalists
who thought that the constitution would not be able to protect the rights of the people.
These two groups had conflicting views but together, they both wanted the same thing.
The same thing was that America should be controlled by the people by the principles
Both groups, the federalist and anti-federalists recognized the fact that
power was being abused. They witnessed what had happened in the war and that their
had been negative effects of power and the result was very clear. British vocation had
made them very aware of the threat of corruption. Therefore, they wanted to make a
government that would ensure the duration of an just republic. The federalists exclaimed
that the constitution was the only way they could reach this goal of a just society.
As James Wilson had said, the constitution would not give all the power to the
legislature unless it was legally written down to ensure power was not mistreated. In the
constitution, it does allow congress to make laws that help out the government in the area of
execution of foreign powers.
The view of the anti-federalists were obviously different. They believed
that the power given to the congress was not safe since it put them too much in
control. Hence they created the Bill of Rights to "establish justice, ensure domestic
tranquillity and provide for the common defense..." The anti-federalists feared that the
actual people would not be fairly represented by their new government since they would have
the power to get rid of the individual rights of the...